Plants respond to drought stress through different physiological mechanisms. To highlight a specific adaptation strategy related to stem photosynthetic activity, woody tissue pigmentation was studied. In this work, 25 Vitis hybrids were studied in two experimental vineyards: one of them with sufficient water availability and the other showing drought stress. 1500 reflectance spectra of woody tissues were collected. Beside the spectral elaboration and interpretation, indexes for the pigment quantification were calculated. The content and the proportion in chlorophylls (a and b) in stems were significantly modified in response to water stress. Genotypes were classified based on their plasticity/elasticity and adaptive/susceptible behavior. The cluster analysis produced 4 main groups based on their average spectra and on the spectral variations between watered and stress conditions. The most interesting genotypes concerning this trait were pointed out. Nevertheless, this adaptation mechanism could also be due to an increased detoxification necessity related to other physiological disfunctions caused by water stress. A multi-parameter approach is encouraged for phenotyping of abiotic stress tolerant plant selection. In the next future, this work will support the release of new drought tolerant rootstocks for viticulture.

Drought increases chlorophyll content in stems of Vitis interspecific hybrids / L. Rustioni, D. Bianchi. - In: THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 2197-0025. - 33:1(2021 Mar), pp. 69-78. [10.1007/s40626-021-00195-0]

Drought increases chlorophyll content in stems of Vitis interspecific hybrids

D. Bianchi
Co-primo
2021

Abstract

Plants respond to drought stress through different physiological mechanisms. To highlight a specific adaptation strategy related to stem photosynthetic activity, woody tissue pigmentation was studied. In this work, 25 Vitis hybrids were studied in two experimental vineyards: one of them with sufficient water availability and the other showing drought stress. 1500 reflectance spectra of woody tissues were collected. Beside the spectral elaboration and interpretation, indexes for the pigment quantification were calculated. The content and the proportion in chlorophylls (a and b) in stems were significantly modified in response to water stress. Genotypes were classified based on their plasticity/elasticity and adaptive/susceptible behavior. The cluster analysis produced 4 main groups based on their average spectra and on the spectral variations between watered and stress conditions. The most interesting genotypes concerning this trait were pointed out. Nevertheless, this adaptation mechanism could also be due to an increased detoxification necessity related to other physiological disfunctions caused by water stress. A multi-parameter approach is encouraged for phenotyping of abiotic stress tolerant plant selection. In the next future, this work will support the release of new drought tolerant rootstocks for viticulture.
abiotic stress; grapevine; pigmentation; reflectance spectroscopy; stem photosynthesis; tolerance mechanisms
Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale e Coltivazioni Arboree
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/912699
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