Hypercalciuria may represent a challenge during the workup for osteoporosis management. The present study aimed: (1) to describe the phenotype associated with hypercalciuria in vitamin D-sufficient (serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) > 20 ng/ml) patients with osteopenia/osteoporosis; (2) to analyze the effects of thiazides and anti-resorptive drugs on urine calcium excretion (UCa), mineral metabolic markers, and bone mineral density. Seventy-seven postmenopausal women with hypercalciuria (Uca > 4.0 mg/kg body weight/24 h on two determinations) were retrospectively evaluated in a real-life setting. Median UCa was 5.39 (4.75–6.70) mg/kg/24 h. Kidney stones occurred in 32.9% of patients, who had median UCa similar to that of patients without kidney stones. Clustering analysis considering the three variables, such as serum calcium, phosphate, and parathormone (PTH), identified two main clusters of hypercalciuric patients. Cluster 1 (n = 13) included patients with a primary hyperparathyroidism-like profile, suggesting a certain degree of autonomous PTH secretion from parathyroid glands. Within cluster 2 (n = 61), two subgroups were recognized, cluster 2A (n = 18) that included patients with relatively increased PTH and normophosphatemia, and cluster 2B (n = 43) that included patients with the normal mineral profile. After a follow-up of 33.4 ± 19.6 months, 49 patients treated with thiazidic diuretics (TZD) were reevaluated; 20 patients were treated with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT; 12.5–37.5 mg/day), 29 with indapamide (IND; 1.50–3.75 mg/day). Any significant difference could be detected in all the parameters both basal and treated conditions between patients treated with HCT or IND. TZD induced a mean 39% reduction in UCa and 63.3% of patients obtained Uca < 4.0 mg/kg/24 h, independent of their mineral metabolic profile. Moreover, TZD induced a significant decrease in PTH levels. TZD-treated patients normalizing UCa experienced an increase in bone mineral densities when concomitantly treated with anti-resorptives, while any gain could be observed in TZD-treated patients with persistent hypercalciuria. Finally, multiple regression analysis showed that UCa reduction was at least in part related to denosumab treatment. In conclusion, in postmenopausal osteoporotic women, hypercalciuria is associated with kidney stones in about one-third of patients and with a wide range of impaired PTH secretion, determining a diagnostic challenge. TZD efficiently reduces UCa and normalization contributes to increasing anti-resorptives positive effect on bone mineral density.

Hypercalciuria in postmenopausal women with reduced bone mineral density is associated with different mineral metabolic profiles : effects of treatment with thiazides and anti-resorptives / F. Nicoli, G. Dito, G. Guabello, M. Longhi, S. Corbetta. - In: FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE. - ISSN 2296-858X. - 8:(2021 Dec 15), pp. 780087.1-780087.10. [10.3389/fmed.2021.780087]

Hypercalciuria in postmenopausal women with reduced bone mineral density is associated with different mineral metabolic profiles : effects of treatment with thiazides and anti-resorptives

F. Nicoli
Primo
;
S. Corbetta
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Hypercalciuria may represent a challenge during the workup for osteoporosis management. The present study aimed: (1) to describe the phenotype associated with hypercalciuria in vitamin D-sufficient (serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) > 20 ng/ml) patients with osteopenia/osteoporosis; (2) to analyze the effects of thiazides and anti-resorptive drugs on urine calcium excretion (UCa), mineral metabolic markers, and bone mineral density. Seventy-seven postmenopausal women with hypercalciuria (Uca > 4.0 mg/kg body weight/24 h on two determinations) were retrospectively evaluated in a real-life setting. Median UCa was 5.39 (4.75–6.70) mg/kg/24 h. Kidney stones occurred in 32.9% of patients, who had median UCa similar to that of patients without kidney stones. Clustering analysis considering the three variables, such as serum calcium, phosphate, and parathormone (PTH), identified two main clusters of hypercalciuric patients. Cluster 1 (n = 13) included patients with a primary hyperparathyroidism-like profile, suggesting a certain degree of autonomous PTH secretion from parathyroid glands. Within cluster 2 (n = 61), two subgroups were recognized, cluster 2A (n = 18) that included patients with relatively increased PTH and normophosphatemia, and cluster 2B (n = 43) that included patients with the normal mineral profile. After a follow-up of 33.4 ± 19.6 months, 49 patients treated with thiazidic diuretics (TZD) were reevaluated; 20 patients were treated with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT; 12.5–37.5 mg/day), 29 with indapamide (IND; 1.50–3.75 mg/day). Any significant difference could be detected in all the parameters both basal and treated conditions between patients treated with HCT or IND. TZD induced a mean 39% reduction in UCa and 63.3% of patients obtained Uca < 4.0 mg/kg/24 h, independent of their mineral metabolic profile. Moreover, TZD induced a significant decrease in PTH levels. TZD-treated patients normalizing UCa experienced an increase in bone mineral densities when concomitantly treated with anti-resorptives, while any gain could be observed in TZD-treated patients with persistent hypercalciuria. Finally, multiple regression analysis showed that UCa reduction was at least in part related to denosumab treatment. In conclusion, in postmenopausal osteoporotic women, hypercalciuria is associated with kidney stones in about one-third of patients and with a wide range of impaired PTH secretion, determining a diagnostic challenge. TZD efficiently reduces UCa and normalization contributes to increasing anti-resorptives positive effect on bone mineral density.
calcium; hypercalciuria; hyperparathyroidism; osteoporosis; phosphate; PTH-parathyroid hormone
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
15-dic-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/912663
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