We report on the fabrication and electro-mechanical characterization of a nanocomposite system exhibiting anisotropic electrical response under the application of tactile compressive stresses (5 kPa) at low frequencies (0.1-1 Hz). The nanocomposite is based on a chemically cross-linked gel incorporating a highly conductive ionic liquid and surface functionalized barium titanate (BaTiO3) ferroelectric nanoparticles. The system was engineered to respond to mechanical stimulations by combining piezoionic and piezoelectric activity, generating electric charge due to a redistribution of the mobile ions across the polymer matrix and to the presence of the electrically polarized ceramic nanoparticles, respectively. The nanocomposite response was characterized in a quasi-static regime using a custom-designed apparatus. The results obtained showed that the combination of both piezo-effects led to output voltages up to 8 mV and anisotropy in the response. This allows to discriminate the sample orientation with respect to the load direction by monitoring the phase and amplitude modulation of the output signal. The integration of cluster-assembled gold electrodes produced by Supersonic Cluster Beam Deposition (SCBD) was also performed, enabling to enhance the charge transduction efficiency by a factor of 10, compared to the bare nanocomposite. This smart piezoionic/piezoelectric nanocomposite represents an interesting solution for the development of soft devices for discriminative touch sensing and objects localization in physically unstructured environments.

Soft Piezoionic/Piezoelectric Nanocomposites Based on Ionogel/BaTiO3 Nanoparticles for Low Frequency and Directional Discriminative Pressure Sensing / S.M. Villa, V.M. Mazzola, T. Santaniello, E. Locatelli, M. Maturi, L. Migliorini, I. Monaco, C. Lenardi, M. Comes Franchini, P. Milani. - In: ACS MACRO LETTERS. - ISSN 2161-1653. - 8:4(2019), pp. 414-420. [10.1021/acsmacrolett.8b01011]

Soft Piezoionic/Piezoelectric Nanocomposites Based on Ionogel/BaTiO3 Nanoparticles for Low Frequency and Directional Discriminative Pressure Sensing

S.M. Villa
Primo
;
T. Santaniello
;
L. Migliorini;C. Lenardi;P. Milani
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

We report on the fabrication and electro-mechanical characterization of a nanocomposite system exhibiting anisotropic electrical response under the application of tactile compressive stresses (5 kPa) at low frequencies (0.1-1 Hz). The nanocomposite is based on a chemically cross-linked gel incorporating a highly conductive ionic liquid and surface functionalized barium titanate (BaTiO3) ferroelectric nanoparticles. The system was engineered to respond to mechanical stimulations by combining piezoionic and piezoelectric activity, generating electric charge due to a redistribution of the mobile ions across the polymer matrix and to the presence of the electrically polarized ceramic nanoparticles, respectively. The nanocomposite response was characterized in a quasi-static regime using a custom-designed apparatus. The results obtained showed that the combination of both piezo-effects led to output voltages up to 8 mV and anisotropy in the response. This allows to discriminate the sample orientation with respect to the load direction by monitoring the phase and amplitude modulation of the output signal. The integration of cluster-assembled gold electrodes produced by Supersonic Cluster Beam Deposition (SCBD) was also performed, enabling to enhance the charge transduction efficiency by a factor of 10, compared to the bare nanocomposite. This smart piezoionic/piezoelectric nanocomposite represents an interesting solution for the development of soft devices for discriminative touch sensing and objects localization in physically unstructured environments.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/908602
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