Peritoneal metastases (PM) from colorectal cancer (CRC) are associated with poor survival. The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a fundamental role in modulating the homing of CRC metastases to the peritoneum. The mechanisms underlying the interactions between metastatic cells and the ECM, however, remain poorly understood and the number of in vitro models available for the study of the peritoneal metastatic process is limited. Here, we show that decellularized ECM of the peritoneal cavity allows the growth of organoids obtained from PM, favoring the development of three-dimensional nodules that maintain the characteristics of in vivo PM. Organoids preferentially grow on scaffolds obtained from neoplastic peritoneum, which are characterized by greater stiffness than normal scaffolds. A gene expression analysis of organoids grown on different substrates reflected faithfully the clinical and biological characteristics of the organoids. An impact of the ECM on the response to standard chemotherapy treatment for PM was also observed. Significance Evidence of the value of ex vivo 3D models obtained by combining patient-derived extracellular matrices depleted of cellular components and organoids to mimic the metastatic niche, to be used as a tool to develop new therapeutic strategies in a biologically relevant context, to personalize treatments and increase their efficacy.

Decellularized Normal and Tumor Extracellular Matrix as Scaffold for Cancer Organoid Cultures of Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases / L. Varinelli, M. Guaglio, S. Brich, S. Zanutto, A. Belfiore, F. Zanardi, F. Iannelli, A. Oldani, E. Costa, M. Chighizola, E. Lorenc, S.P. Minardi, S. Fortuzzi, M. Filugelli, G. Garzone, F. Pisati, M. Vecchi, G. Pruneri, K. Shigeki, D. Baratti, L. Cattaneo, D. Parazzoli, A. Podestà, M. Milione, M. Deraco, M.A. Pierotti, M. Gariboldi. - (2022 Jan 26). [10.1101/2021.07.15.452437]

Decellularized Normal and Tumor Extracellular Matrix as Scaffold for Cancer Organoid Cultures of Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases

F. Zanardi;F. Iannelli;M. Chighizola;E. Lorenc;F. Pisati;G. Pruneri;A. Podestà;
2022-01-26

Abstract

Peritoneal metastases (PM) from colorectal cancer (CRC) are associated with poor survival. The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a fundamental role in modulating the homing of CRC metastases to the peritoneum. The mechanisms underlying the interactions between metastatic cells and the ECM, however, remain poorly understood and the number of in vitro models available for the study of the peritoneal metastatic process is limited. Here, we show that decellularized ECM of the peritoneal cavity allows the growth of organoids obtained from PM, favoring the development of three-dimensional nodules that maintain the characteristics of in vivo PM. Organoids preferentially grow on scaffolds obtained from neoplastic peritoneum, which are characterized by greater stiffness than normal scaffolds. A gene expression analysis of organoids grown on different substrates reflected faithfully the clinical and biological characteristics of the organoids. An impact of the ECM on the response to standard chemotherapy treatment for PM was also observed. Significance Evidence of the value of ex vivo 3D models obtained by combining patient-derived extracellular matrices depleted of cellular components and organoids to mimic the metastatic niche, to be used as a tool to develop new therapeutic strategies in a biologically relevant context, to personalize treatments and increase their efficacy.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
Biomechanics in health and disease: advanced physical tools for innovative early diagnosis (Phys2BioMed)
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.07.15.452437v2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/907902
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