In a micromaser where a classical field strongly drives the atoms while they cross the cavity, remarkable atom-atom correlations show up at steady-state, which vanish much faster than dissipative decay. Hence we consider atom pair correlation measurements in which the detection of the first probe atom prepares a mesoscopic superposition state of the cavity field, that entangles with a second probe atom. The conditional probabilities for the latter atomic detection provide a description of the decoherence of the superposition state, occurring in an open system in the presence of pumping, driving, dissipative, and thermal effects. The decoherence rate scales as the squared interaction time, that sets the separation in phase space between the superposition components, whereas the quantum coherence is unaffected by the atomic pumping. Hence we further investigate the system when the cavity is not pumped. Starting the correlation measurements from a thermal state, we can describe the effect of temperature on decoherence. Starting from a vacuum state, the superposition states are maximally separated Schrödinger cat states, whose decoherence can be thus monitored.
|Titolo:||Atomic correlations and cavity field decoherence in a strongly driven micromaser|
|Parole Chiave:||Decoherence, cat states, cavity QED, micromaser|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1464-4266/7/12/002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|