In recent years, neuroimaging data have greatly improved the knowledge on trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias' (TACs) central mechanisms. Positron emission tomography studies have shown that the posterior inferior hypothalamic grey matter is activated during cluster headache attacks as well as in short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT). Voxel-based morphometric MRI has also documented alteration in the same area in cluster headache patients. These data suggest that the cluster headache generator is located in this region and leads us to hypothesise that stimulation of this brain area could relieve intractable cluster headache just as deep brain stimulation improves intractable movements disorders. This view received support by the observation that high frequency stimulation of the ipsilateral hypothalamus prevented attacks in an otherwise intractable chronic cluster headache patient previously treated unsuccessfully by surgical procedures to the trigeminal nerve. So far, 16 patients with intractable cronic cluster headache (CCH) and one intractable SUNCT patient have been successfully treated by hypothalamic stimulation. The procedures were well tolerated with no significant adverse events. Hypothalamic DBS is an efficacious and safe procedure to relieve otherwise intractable CCH and SUNCT. (copyright) Springer-Verlag Italia 2005.
|Titolo:||Deep brain stimulation and cluster headache|
|Autori interni:||FELISATI, GIOVANNI|
|Parole Chiave:||SUNCT syndrome; article; brain depth stimulation; brain radiography; cluster headache; computer assisted emission tomography; electrode; electrostimulation; follow up; gray matter; human; hypothalamus; hypothesis; image analysis; mortality; nerve surgery; neuroimaging; nuclear magnetic resonance imaging; postoperative complication; trigeminal nerve|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10072-005-0427-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|