Criminal behavior is a clinical feature of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), ranging from socially inappropriate behavior and minor offenses (such as shoplifting, driving-related violations, housebreaking, trespassing) to the more extreme acts of sex crimes and violence. To our knowledge, no homicide case involving bvFTD is well illustrated in the sci-entific literature, and only a few anecdotal annotations are available about bvFTD and homicide. This is surprising considering the inclination of individuals with bvFTD to lack impulse control, to manifest disinhibition, to display diminished emotional awareness and loss of empathy, and to show behavior indicative of disordered moral reasoning. Here, we describe the 19th-century homicide case of Benjamin Reynaud, a man whose clinical characteristics suggest the bvFTD di-agnosis. Reynaud’s case may represent a rare instance of homicide committed by an individual with bvFTD and provide a basis for some reflections regarding the relationship between homici-dal behavior and bvFTD.

Behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia and homicide in a historical case / S. Zago, C. Scarpazza, T. Difonzo, A. Arighi, D. Hajhajate, Y. Torrente, G. Sartori. - In: THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND THE LAW. - ISSN 1093-6793. - 49:2(2021 Jun 01), pp. 219-227. [10.29158/JAAPL.200081-20]

Behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia and homicide in a historical case

Zago S.;Arighi A.;Torrente Y.;Sartori G.
2021-06-01

Abstract

Criminal behavior is a clinical feature of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), ranging from socially inappropriate behavior and minor offenses (such as shoplifting, driving-related violations, housebreaking, trespassing) to the more extreme acts of sex crimes and violence. To our knowledge, no homicide case involving bvFTD is well illustrated in the sci-entific literature, and only a few anecdotal annotations are available about bvFTD and homicide. This is surprising considering the inclination of individuals with bvFTD to lack impulse control, to manifest disinhibition, to display diminished emotional awareness and loss of empathy, and to show behavior indicative of disordered moral reasoning. Here, we describe the 19th-century homicide case of Benjamin Reynaud, a man whose clinical characteristics suggest the bvFTD di-agnosis. Reynaud’s case may represent a rare instance of homicide committed by an individual with bvFTD and provide a basis for some reflections regarding the relationship between homici-dal behavior and bvFTD.
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia; Criminal behavior; Homicide; Murder; Aged; Frontotemporal Dementia; History, 19th Century; Homicide; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Criminal Behavior
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND THE LAW
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/905522
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