: Ruxolitinib (RUX) is extensively used in myelofibrosis (MF). Despite its early efficacy, most patients lose response over time and, after discontinuation, have a worse overall survival (OS). Currently, response criteria able to predict OS in RUX-treated patients are lacking, leading to uncertainty regarding the switch to second-line treatments. In this study, we investigated predictors of survival collected after six months of RUX in 209 MF patients participating in the real-world ambispective observational RUXOREL-MF study (NCT03959371). Multivariable analysis identified the following risk factors: (i) RUX dose <20 mg twice daily at baseline, month 3, and 6 (hazard ratio, HR, 1.79, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.07-3.00, p=0.03), (ii) palpable spleen length reduction from baseline ≤30% at month 3 and 6 (HR 2.26, 95% CI 1.40-3.65, p=0.0009), (iii) red blood cell (RBC) transfusion need at month 3 and/or 6 (HR 1.66, 95% CI 0.95-2.88, p=0.07), and (iv) RBC transfusion need at all time points, i.e. baseline and months 3 and 6 (HR 2.32, 95% CI 1.19-4.54, p=0.02). Hence, we developed a prognostic model, named Response to Ruxolitinib after 6 months (RR6), dissecting three risk categories: low (median OS not reached), intermediate (median OS 61 months, 95% CI 43-80), and high (median OS 33 months, 95% CI 21-50). The RR6 model was validated and confirmed in an external cohort comprised of 40 MF patients. In conclusion, the RR6 prognostic model allows for the early identification of RUX-treated MF patients with impaired survival who might benefit from a prompt treatment shift.

A prognostic model to predict survival after 6 months of ruxolitinib in patients with myelofibrosis / M. Maffioli, B. Mora, S. Ball, A. Iurlo, E.M. Elli, M.C. Finazzi, N. Polverelli, E. Rumi, M. Caramella, M.C. Carraro, M. D'Adda, A. Molteni, C. Sissa, F. Lunghi, A. Vismara, M. Ubezio, A. Guidetti, S. Caberlon, M. Anghilieri, R.S. Komrokji, D. Cattaneo, M.G. Della Porta, T. Giorgino, L. Bertù, M. Brociner, A.T. Kuykendall, F. Passamonti. - In: BLOOD ADVANCES. - ISSN 2473-9529. - 6:6(2022 Mar), pp. 1855-1864. [10.1182/bloodadvances.2021006889]

A prognostic model to predict survival after 6 months of ruxolitinib in patients with myelofibrosis

M.C. Finazzi;A. Guidetti;D. Cattaneo;
2022

Abstract

: Ruxolitinib (RUX) is extensively used in myelofibrosis (MF). Despite its early efficacy, most patients lose response over time and, after discontinuation, have a worse overall survival (OS). Currently, response criteria able to predict OS in RUX-treated patients are lacking, leading to uncertainty regarding the switch to second-line treatments. In this study, we investigated predictors of survival collected after six months of RUX in 209 MF patients participating in the real-world ambispective observational RUXOREL-MF study (NCT03959371). Multivariable analysis identified the following risk factors: (i) RUX dose <20 mg twice daily at baseline, month 3, and 6 (hazard ratio, HR, 1.79, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.07-3.00, p=0.03), (ii) palpable spleen length reduction from baseline ≤30% at month 3 and 6 (HR 2.26, 95% CI 1.40-3.65, p=0.0009), (iii) red blood cell (RBC) transfusion need at month 3 and/or 6 (HR 1.66, 95% CI 0.95-2.88, p=0.07), and (iv) RBC transfusion need at all time points, i.e. baseline and months 3 and 6 (HR 2.32, 95% CI 1.19-4.54, p=0.02). Hence, we developed a prognostic model, named Response to Ruxolitinib after 6 months (RR6), dissecting three risk categories: low (median OS not reached), intermediate (median OS 61 months, 95% CI 43-80), and high (median OS 33 months, 95% CI 21-50). The RR6 model was validated and confirmed in an external cohort comprised of 40 MF patients. In conclusion, the RR6 prognostic model allows for the early identification of RUX-treated MF patients with impaired survival who might benefit from a prompt treatment shift.
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/905225
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