Patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), undergoing early surgery for severe regurgitation, are usually characterized by a low degree of right chambers’ remodeling. In this selected population, the mechanisms leading to tricuspid annular (TA) dilatation (TAD) are not well understood. In this setting, we aimed to evaluate, using three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE), how right chambers affect TA size and might contribute to functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) progression. We studied 159 patients treated with early isolated surgery for MVP, characterized by: sinus rhythm; normal biventricular function; normal or elevated pulmonary artery pressure; tricuspid regurgitation (TR) ≤ mild; no concomitant cardiac disease. All patients reached a 3-year echocardiographic follow-up. Based on two-dimensional echocardiography, patients were divided in Group 1 (N = 68, 43%, TAD, TA ≥ 21 mm/m2) and Group 2 (N = 91, 57%, no TAD, TA < 21 mm/m2). By 3DE, Group 1 showed larger TA size, right atrial (RA) volume and right ventricular (RV) conical remodeling compared to Group 2 (p < 0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that RA volume, RV basal diameter and function were independently correlated to TA size (p < 0.05). At the 3-year follow-up there was a low incidence of FTR, with a trend towards FTR progression in Group 1 (p = 0.07). In patients undergoing early surgery for MVP, TAD seems to result from distinctive early-onset geometrical changes of the right chambers, preceding TR, RV dilatation and pulmonary hypertension at rest. An integrated approach, including right chambers’ assessment by 3DE, might help to better recognized patients at higher risk for TAD and, potentially for FTR.

Tricuspid annular dilation in patients undergoing early mitral valve surgery : is it an old story? / V. Volpato, V. Mantegazza, G. Tamborini, P. Gripari, M. Muratori, L. Fusini, M. Zanobini, F. Alamanni, M. Pepi. - In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1569-5794. - 37:8(2021 Aug), pp. 2439-2446. [10.1007/s10554-021-02223-1]

Tricuspid annular dilation in patients undergoing early mitral valve surgery : is it an old story?

V. Volpato
Primo
;
V. Mantegazza;P. Gripari;L. Fusini;F. Alamanni
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), undergoing early surgery for severe regurgitation, are usually characterized by a low degree of right chambers’ remodeling. In this selected population, the mechanisms leading to tricuspid annular (TA) dilatation (TAD) are not well understood. In this setting, we aimed to evaluate, using three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE), how right chambers affect TA size and might contribute to functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) progression. We studied 159 patients treated with early isolated surgery for MVP, characterized by: sinus rhythm; normal biventricular function; normal or elevated pulmonary artery pressure; tricuspid regurgitation (TR) ≤ mild; no concomitant cardiac disease. All patients reached a 3-year echocardiographic follow-up. Based on two-dimensional echocardiography, patients were divided in Group 1 (N = 68, 43%, TAD, TA ≥ 21 mm/m2) and Group 2 (N = 91, 57%, no TAD, TA < 21 mm/m2). By 3DE, Group 1 showed larger TA size, right atrial (RA) volume and right ventricular (RV) conical remodeling compared to Group 2 (p < 0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that RA volume, RV basal diameter and function were independently correlated to TA size (p < 0.05). At the 3-year follow-up there was a low incidence of FTR, with a trend towards FTR progression in Group 1 (p = 0.07). In patients undergoing early surgery for MVP, TAD seems to result from distinctive early-onset geometrical changes of the right chambers, preceding TR, RV dilatation and pulmonary hypertension at rest. An integrated approach, including right chambers’ assessment by 3DE, might help to better recognized patients at higher risk for TAD and, potentially for FTR.
3D-echocardiography; mitral valve prolapse; mitral valve surgery; tricuspid annulus; tricuspid regurgitation; dilatation; humans; mitral valve; predictive value of tests; tricuspid valve; cardiac valve annuloplasty; tricuspid valve insufficiency
Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca
ago-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/904015
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