We aimed to describe the relationships between the relative fat fraction (ÿ), muscle-normalized diffusion-weighted (DW) image signal intensity and water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), sex and age for normal bone marrow, in the normal population. Our retrospective cohort consisted of 100 asymptomatic individuals, equally divided by sex and 10-year age groups, who underwent whole-body MRI at 1.5 T for early cancer detection. Semi-automated segmentation of global bone marrow volume was performed using the DW images and the resulting segmentation masks were projected onto the ADC and ÿ maps for extraction of parameter values. Differences in the parameter values between sexes at age ranges were assessed using the Mann–Whitney and Kruskal–Wallis tests. The Spearman correlation coefficient r was used to assess the relationship of each imaging parameter with age, and of ÿ with ADC and normalized DW signal intensity values. The average ÿ of normal bone marrow was 65.6 ± 7.2%, while nSIb50, nSIb900 and ADC were 1.7 ± 0.5, 3.2 ± 0.9 and 422 ± 67 µm2/s, respectively. The bone marrow ÿ values increased with age in both sexes (r = 0.63 and r = 0.64, respectively, p < 0.001). Values of nSIb50 and nSIb900 were higher in younger women compared to men of the same age groups (p < 0.017), but this difference decreased with age. In our cohort of asymptomatic individuals, the values of bone marrow relative ÿ, normalized DW image signal intensity and ADC indicate higher cellularity in premenopausal women, with increasing bone marrow fat with aging in both sexes.

Effects of sex and age on fat fraction, diffusion-weighted image signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient in the bone marrow of asymptomatic individuals: A cross-sectional whole-body mri study / A. Colombo, L. Bombelli, P.E. Summers, G. Saia, F. Zugni, G. Marvaso, R. Grimm, B.A. Jereczek-Fossa, A.R. Padhani, G. Petralia. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:5(2021 May), pp. 913.1-913.15. [10.3390/DIAGNOSTICS11050913]

Effects of sex and age on fat fraction, diffusion-weighted image signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient in the bone marrow of asymptomatic individuals: A cross-sectional whole-body mri study

A. Colombo
;
G. Saia;F. Zugni;G. Marvaso;B.A. Jereczek-Fossa;G. Petralia
Ultimo
2021-05

Abstract

We aimed to describe the relationships between the relative fat fraction (ÿ), muscle-normalized diffusion-weighted (DW) image signal intensity and water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), sex and age for normal bone marrow, in the normal population. Our retrospective cohort consisted of 100 asymptomatic individuals, equally divided by sex and 10-year age groups, who underwent whole-body MRI at 1.5 T for early cancer detection. Semi-automated segmentation of global bone marrow volume was performed using the DW images and the resulting segmentation masks were projected onto the ADC and ÿ maps for extraction of parameter values. Differences in the parameter values between sexes at age ranges were assessed using the Mann–Whitney and Kruskal–Wallis tests. The Spearman correlation coefficient r was used to assess the relationship of each imaging parameter with age, and of ÿ with ADC and normalized DW signal intensity values. The average ÿ of normal bone marrow was 65.6 ± 7.2%, while nSIb50, nSIb900 and ADC were 1.7 ± 0.5, 3.2 ± 0.9 and 422 ± 67 µm2/s, respectively. The bone marrow ÿ values increased with age in both sexes (r = 0.63 and r = 0.64, respectively, p < 0.001). Values of nSIb50 and nSIb900 were higher in younger women compared to men of the same age groups (p < 0.017), but this difference decreased with age. In our cohort of asymptomatic individuals, the values of bone marrow relative ÿ, normalized DW image signal intensity and ADC indicate higher cellularity in premenopausal women, with increasing bone marrow fat with aging in both sexes.
ADC; Asymptomatic individuals; Bone marrow; DWI; Fat fraction; Sex and age; Whole-body MRI
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/903993
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