Objectives: The last edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC eighth) has introduced the depth of infiltration (DOI) as a new prognostic parameter in oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (OCSCCs). Aim of this study is to analyze the impact of stage migration on the indication to postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). Methods: OCSCCs treated at two Institutions between 2014 and 2019 were retrieved. Per the AJCC eighth, only pT3 primarily OCSCCs were considered; availability of the pathologic specimen was a further inclusion criterion. Risk factors considered for PORT were: pT3-pT4, nodal involvement, positive/close surgical margins, perineural and lymph vascular invasion. Results: One-hundred forty-nine patients staged as pT3 AJCC eighth were included. A four-fold increase in the number of patients staged as pT3 from the seventh to the eighth AJCC was found. Stage migration to pT3 was equally due to the downstaging from former pT4 (38%) and upstaging of former pT1-pT2 (35%). Considering the former pT1-pT2 53 patients, 13 (25%) had no risk factors for PORT other than DOI. Among 25 cases with former pT1-pT2 and negative lymph nodes no additional risk factors were found in 11 (44%). Conclusion: Ninety percent of patients had at least one risk factor besides DOI and would have received PORT also according to the AJCC seventh; notably, of former pT1-pT2N0, half of them have been upstaged to pT3 in the current TNM classification. The role of PORT in this cohort of patients has not been clarified yet. Advances in knowledge: Other-than-DOI risk factors leading to PORT indication are highly prevalent in OCSSC patients classified as pT3 per the latest AJCC TNM staging system and should therefore be considered for a comprehensive oncological assessment.

Indication to postoperative radiotherapy for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma: what's new in the Depth of Infiltration (DOI) era? / D. Alterio, R. De Berardinis, M. Augugliaro, P. D'Urso, S. Volpe, F. Maffini, R. Bruschini, G. Marvaso, S. Riccio, M. Tagliabue, I. Turturici, A. Farneti, L. Calabrese, A. Starzynska, A. Ferrari, M. Zaffaroni, B.A. Jereczek-Fossa, G. Sanguineti, M. Ansarin. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1285. - 95:1132(2022 Apr 01), pp. 20210705.1-20210705.6. [10.1259/bjr.20210705]

Indication to postoperative radiotherapy for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma: what's new in the Depth of Infiltration (DOI) era?

S. Volpe;G. Marvaso;M. Tagliabue;A. Ferrari;B.A. Jereczek-Fossa;
2022-04-01

Abstract

Objectives: The last edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC eighth) has introduced the depth of infiltration (DOI) as a new prognostic parameter in oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (OCSCCs). Aim of this study is to analyze the impact of stage migration on the indication to postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). Methods: OCSCCs treated at two Institutions between 2014 and 2019 were retrieved. Per the AJCC eighth, only pT3 primarily OCSCCs were considered; availability of the pathologic specimen was a further inclusion criterion. Risk factors considered for PORT were: pT3-pT4, nodal involvement, positive/close surgical margins, perineural and lymph vascular invasion. Results: One-hundred forty-nine patients staged as pT3 AJCC eighth were included. A four-fold increase in the number of patients staged as pT3 from the seventh to the eighth AJCC was found. Stage migration to pT3 was equally due to the downstaging from former pT4 (38%) and upstaging of former pT1-pT2 (35%). Considering the former pT1-pT2 53 patients, 13 (25%) had no risk factors for PORT other than DOI. Among 25 cases with former pT1-pT2 and negative lymph nodes no additional risk factors were found in 11 (44%). Conclusion: Ninety percent of patients had at least one risk factor besides DOI and would have received PORT also according to the AJCC seventh; notably, of former pT1-pT2N0, half of them have been upstaged to pT3 in the current TNM classification. The role of PORT in this cohort of patients has not been clarified yet. Advances in knowledge: Other-than-DOI risk factors leading to PORT indication are highly prevalent in OCSSC patients classified as pT3 per the latest AJCC TNM staging system and should therefore be considered for a comprehensive oncological assessment.
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
1-mar-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/903955
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