Objective: Surgical clipping has become a relatively rare procedure in comparison to endovascular exclusion of cerebral aneurysms. Consequently, there is a declining number of cases where young neurosurgeons can practice clipping. For this reason, we investigated the application of a new 3-dimensional (3D) simulation and rehearsal device, Surgical Theater, in vascular neurosurgery. Methods: We analyzed data of 20 patients who underwent surgical aneurysm clipping. In 10 cases, Surgical Theater was used to perform the preoperative 3D planning (CASCADE group), while traditional imaging was used in the other cases (control group). Preoperative 3D simulation was performed by 4 expert and 3 junior neurosurgeons (1 fellow, 2 residents). During postoperative debriefings, expert surgeons explained the different aspects of the operation to their younger colleagues in an interactive way using the simulator. Questionnaires were given to the surgeons to get qualitative feedback about the simulator, and the junior surgeons' performance at simulator was also analyzed. Results: There were no differences in surgery outcomes, complications, and surgical duration (P > 0.05) between the 2 groups. Senior neurosurgeons performed similarly when operating at the simulator as compared with in the operating room, while junior neurosurgeons improved their performance at the simulator after the debriefing session (P < 0.005). Conclusions: Surgical Theater proved to be realistic in replicating vascular neurosurgery scenarios for rehearsal and simulation purposes. Moreover, it was shown to be useful for didactic purposes, allowing young neurosurgeons to take full advantage and learn from senior colleagues to become familiar with this demanding neurosurgical subspecialty.

The “STARS-CASCADE” Study: Virtual Reality Simulation as a New Training Approach in Vascular Neurosurgery / A. Perin, E. Gambatesa, T.F. Galbiati, C. Fanizzi, G. Carone, C.B. Rui, R. Ayadi, A. Saladino, L. Mattei, F.Y. Legninda Sop, C. Caggiano, F.U. Prada, F. Acerbi, P. Ferroli, T.R. Meling, F. Dimeco. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 154(2021), pp. E130-E146. [10.1016/j.wneu.2021.06.145]

The “STARS-CASCADE” Study: Virtual Reality Simulation as a New Training Approach in Vascular Neurosurgery

E. Gambatesa
Secondo
;
T.F. Galbiati;C. Fanizzi;A. Saladino;L. Mattei;F. Acerbi;F. Dimeco
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Objective: Surgical clipping has become a relatively rare procedure in comparison to endovascular exclusion of cerebral aneurysms. Consequently, there is a declining number of cases where young neurosurgeons can practice clipping. For this reason, we investigated the application of a new 3-dimensional (3D) simulation and rehearsal device, Surgical Theater, in vascular neurosurgery. Methods: We analyzed data of 20 patients who underwent surgical aneurysm clipping. In 10 cases, Surgical Theater was used to perform the preoperative 3D planning (CASCADE group), while traditional imaging was used in the other cases (control group). Preoperative 3D simulation was performed by 4 expert and 3 junior neurosurgeons (1 fellow, 2 residents). During postoperative debriefings, expert surgeons explained the different aspects of the operation to their younger colleagues in an interactive way using the simulator. Questionnaires were given to the surgeons to get qualitative feedback about the simulator, and the junior surgeons' performance at simulator was also analyzed. Results: There were no differences in surgery outcomes, complications, and surgical duration (P > 0.05) between the 2 groups. Senior neurosurgeons performed similarly when operating at the simulator as compared with in the operating room, while junior neurosurgeons improved their performance at the simulator after the debriefing session (P < 0.005). Conclusions: Surgical Theater proved to be realistic in replicating vascular neurosurgery scenarios for rehearsal and simulation purposes. Moreover, it was shown to be useful for didactic purposes, allowing young neurosurgeons to take full advantage and learn from senior colleagues to become familiar with this demanding neurosurgical subspecialty.
Aneurysm; Rehearsal; Simulation; Surgical Theater; Training; Vascular neurosurgery; Adult; Aged; Clinical Competence; Clinical Decision-Making; Female; Humans; Internship and Residency; Intracranial Aneurysm; Male; Middle Aged; Models, Anatomic; Neurosurgeons; Neurosurgery; Neurosurgical Procedures; Postoperative Period; Simulation Training; Surveys and Questionnaires; User-Computer Interface; Vascular Surgical Procedures; Virtual Reality
Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/902961
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