Generalized Arterial Calcification of Infancy (GACI) is a rare disease inherited in a recessive manner, with severe and diffuse early onset of calcifications along the internal elastic lamina in large and medium size arteries. The diagnosis results are from clinical manifestations, imaging, histopathologic exams, and genetic tests. GACI is predominantly caused by biallelic pathogenic variant in the ENPP1 gene (GACI1, OMIM#208000) and, to a lesser extent, by pathogenic variants in the ABCC6 gene (GACI2, OMIM#614473). We present a novel variation in the ENPP1 gene identified in a patient clinically diagnosed with GACI and confirmed by genetic investigation and autopsy as GACI type 1. The sequence analysis of the patient’s ENPP1 gene detected two heterozygous variants c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) and c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser). The variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser) has not been described yet in the literature and in mutation databases. A genetic analysis was also carried out for the parents of the newborn; the heterozygous pathogenic variant c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) was detected in the mother’s ENPP1 gene, and a sequence analysis of the father’s ENPP1 gene revealed the novel heterozygous variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser). Our results showed that the variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser) may have a pathogenic role in the development of GACI type1 (GACI1, OMIM#208000), at least when associated with the pathogenic c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) variant. The identification of novel mutations potentially enabled genotype/phenotype associations that will ultimately have an impact on clinical management and prognosis for the disease.

Generalized arterial calcification of infancy type 1 (GACI1) : Identification of a novel pathogenic variant (c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser)) / G.P. Bulfamante, L. Carpenito, E. Bragantini, S. Graziani, M. Bellizzi, C.P. Bagowski, M. Shoukier, F. Rivieri, M. Soffiati, M. Barbareschi. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:6(2021 Jun 04), pp. 1034.1-1034.9. [10.3390/diagnostics11061034]

Generalized arterial calcification of infancy type 1 (GACI1) : Identification of a novel pathogenic variant (c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser))

G.P. Bulfamante
Primo
;
L. Carpenito
Secondo
;
2021-06-04

Abstract

Generalized Arterial Calcification of Infancy (GACI) is a rare disease inherited in a recessive manner, with severe and diffuse early onset of calcifications along the internal elastic lamina in large and medium size arteries. The diagnosis results are from clinical manifestations, imaging, histopathologic exams, and genetic tests. GACI is predominantly caused by biallelic pathogenic variant in the ENPP1 gene (GACI1, OMIM#208000) and, to a lesser extent, by pathogenic variants in the ABCC6 gene (GACI2, OMIM#614473). We present a novel variation in the ENPP1 gene identified in a patient clinically diagnosed with GACI and confirmed by genetic investigation and autopsy as GACI type 1. The sequence analysis of the patient’s ENPP1 gene detected two heterozygous variants c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) and c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser). The variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser) has not been described yet in the literature and in mutation databases. A genetic analysis was also carried out for the parents of the newborn; the heterozygous pathogenic variant c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) was detected in the mother’s ENPP1 gene, and a sequence analysis of the father’s ENPP1 gene revealed the novel heterozygous variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser). Our results showed that the variant c.1715T>C (p.Leu572Ser) may have a pathogenic role in the development of GACI type1 (GACI1, OMIM#208000), at least when associated with the pathogenic c.1412A>G (p.Tyr471Cys) variant. The identification of novel mutations potentially enabled genotype/phenotype associations that will ultimately have an impact on clinical management and prognosis for the disease.
arterial calcifications; autopsy; ENPP1 gene; GACI; mutations; pathogenic variant
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Settore MED/35 - Malattie Cutanee e Veneree
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/899733
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