Although the human body may dynamically adapt to mild and brief oxygen shortages, there is a growing interest in understanding how the metabolic pathways are modified during sustained exposure to chronic hypoxia. Located at an equivalent altitude of approximately 3,800 m asl, the Concordia Station in Antarctica represents an opportunity to study the course of human adaption to mild hypoxia with reduced impact of potentially disturbing variables else than oxygen deprivation. We recruited seven healthy subjects who spent 10 months in the Concordia Station, and collected plasma samples at sea level before departure, and 90 days, 6 months, and 10 months during hypoxia. Samples were analyzed by untargeted liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry to unravel how the non-polar and polar metabolomes are affected. Statistical analyses were performed by clustering the subjects into four groups according to the duration of hypoxia exposure. The non-polar metabolome revealed a modest decrease in the concentration of all the major lipid classes. By contrast, the polar metabolome showed marked alterations in several metabolic pathways, especially those related to amino acids metabolism, with a particular concern of arginine, glutamine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and tyrosine. Remarkably, all the changes were evident since the first time point and remained unaffected by hypoxia duration (with the exception of a slight return of the non-polar metabolome after 6 months), highlighting a relative inability of the body to compensate them. Finally, we identified a few metabolic pathways that emerged as the main targets of chronic hypoxia.

Inside the Alterations of Circulating Metabolome in Antarctica: The Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia / M. Dei Cas, C. Morano, S. Ottolenghi, R. Dicasillati, G. Roda, M. Samaja, R. Paroni. - In: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-042X. - 13:(2022 Jan 25), pp. 819345.1-819345.12. [10.3389/fphys.2022.819345]

Inside the Alterations of Circulating Metabolome in Antarctica: The Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia

M. Dei Cas
Primo
;
C. Morano
Secondo
;
G. Roda;M. Samaja
Penultimo
;
R. Paroni
Ultimo
2022-01-25

Abstract

Although the human body may dynamically adapt to mild and brief oxygen shortages, there is a growing interest in understanding how the metabolic pathways are modified during sustained exposure to chronic hypoxia. Located at an equivalent altitude of approximately 3,800 m asl, the Concordia Station in Antarctica represents an opportunity to study the course of human adaption to mild hypoxia with reduced impact of potentially disturbing variables else than oxygen deprivation. We recruited seven healthy subjects who spent 10 months in the Concordia Station, and collected plasma samples at sea level before departure, and 90 days, 6 months, and 10 months during hypoxia. Samples were analyzed by untargeted liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry to unravel how the non-polar and polar metabolomes are affected. Statistical analyses were performed by clustering the subjects into four groups according to the duration of hypoxia exposure. The non-polar metabolome revealed a modest decrease in the concentration of all the major lipid classes. By contrast, the polar metabolome showed marked alterations in several metabolic pathways, especially those related to amino acids metabolism, with a particular concern of arginine, glutamine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and tyrosine. Remarkably, all the changes were evident since the first time point and remained unaffected by hypoxia duration (with the exception of a slight return of the non-polar metabolome after 6 months), highlighting a relative inability of the body to compensate them. Finally, we identified a few metabolic pathways that emerged as the main targets of chronic hypoxia.
adaptation; Antarctica; chronic hypoxia; lipidomics; metabolites; metabolomics;
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/899725
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