Background: Involvement of the internal mammary chain lymph nodes (IMNs) is associated with worsened prognosis in breast cancer. Use of lymphoscintigraphy to visualize sentinel nodes reveals that IMNs often receive lymph from the area containing the tumor. Methods: We biopsied IMNs in 182 patients because there was radiouptake to the IMNs or because the tumor was located in the medial portion of the breast. After tumor removal, pectoralis major fibers were divided to expose intercostal muscle. A portion of intercostal muscle adjacent to the sternum was removed. Lymph nodes and surrounding fatty tissue in the intercostal space were freed, removed, and analyzed histologically. The pleural cavity was breached in four cases (2.2%), with spontaneous resolution. Results: IMNs were found in 160 (88%) of 182 patients; 146 (94.4%) were negative and 14 (8.8%) were positive. The latter received internal mammary chain radiotherapy. The axilla was negative in 4 of 14 cases and positive in 10. Conclusions: IMNs can be quickly and easily removed via the breast incision with insignificant risk and no increase in postoperative hospitalization. The patients with a positive IMN migrated from NO (4 cases) or N1 (10 cases) to N3, prompting modification of both local (radiotherapy to internal mammary chain) and systemic treatment; without IMN sampling, they would have been understaged.

Stage migration after biopsy of internal mammary chain lymph nodes in breast cancer patients / V. Galimberti, P. Veronesi, P. Arnone, C. De Cicco, G. Renne, M. Intra, S. Zurrida, V. Sacchini, R. Gennari, A. Vento, A. Luini, U. Veronesi. - In: ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1068-9265. - 9:9(2002), pp. 924-928. [10.1007/BF02557532]

Stage migration after biopsy of internal mammary chain lymph nodes in breast cancer patients

P. Veronesi;G. Renne;S. Zurrida;V. Sacchini;
2002

Abstract

Background: Involvement of the internal mammary chain lymph nodes (IMNs) is associated with worsened prognosis in breast cancer. Use of lymphoscintigraphy to visualize sentinel nodes reveals that IMNs often receive lymph from the area containing the tumor. Methods: We biopsied IMNs in 182 patients because there was radiouptake to the IMNs or because the tumor was located in the medial portion of the breast. After tumor removal, pectoralis major fibers were divided to expose intercostal muscle. A portion of intercostal muscle adjacent to the sternum was removed. Lymph nodes and surrounding fatty tissue in the intercostal space were freed, removed, and analyzed histologically. The pleural cavity was breached in four cases (2.2%), with spontaneous resolution. Results: IMNs were found in 160 (88%) of 182 patients; 146 (94.4%) were negative and 14 (8.8%) were positive. The latter received internal mammary chain radiotherapy. The axilla was negative in 4 of 14 cases and positive in 10. Conclusions: IMNs can be quickly and easily removed via the breast incision with insignificant risk and no increase in postoperative hospitalization. The patients with a positive IMN migrated from NO (4 cases) or N1 (10 cases) to N3, prompting modification of both local (radiotherapy to internal mammary chain) and systemic treatment; without IMN sampling, they would have been understaged.
Breast cancer; Internal mammary chain; Sentinel node biopsy; Stage migration; Breast Neoplasms; Female; Humans; Lymph Nodes; Middle Aged; Postoperative Period; Radionuclide Imaging; Neoplasm Staging; Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Galimberti2002_Article_StageMigrationAfterBiopsyOfInt.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 800.28 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
800.28 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/893254
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 19
  • Scopus 86
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 73
social impact