Purpose: Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator approved for prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. This is an exploratory study of raloxifene in primary breast cancer patients. Experimental design: Postmenopausal women (50-80 years of age), with histological or cytological diagnosis of stage I or II primary breast cancer, were randomly assigned to 14 days of placebo, 60 mg/day raloxifene, or 300 mg twice daily (600 mg/day) of raloxifene. A core biopsy of the primary tumor was obtained before therapy, and a representative sample of the excised tumor was obtained from the operative specimen after treatment. Paired baseline and endpoint biopsies from each patient were analyzed for Ki67, apoptosis, and estrogen and progesterone receptors. Treatment group differences in efficacy measurements were primarily evaluated for baseline-to-endpoint change and percentage change using a one-way ANOVA with treatment as the fixed effect. Results: Of 167 enrolled patients, 143 had evaluable efficacy data. Most breast cancer cases were invasive (98.6%), stage I (76.6%), and ER-positive (83.2%). In patients with ER-positive tumors, Ki67 increased 7% from baseline on placebo and decreased by 21% on 60 mg/day raloxifene (P = 0.015 versus placebo) and by 14% on 600 mg/day raloxifene (P = 0.064 versus placebo). Raloxifene did not affect apoptosis. ER decreased significantly with 60 mg/day or 600 mg/day raloxifene compared with placebo (P < 0.01 for each comparison). Raloxifene had no statistically significant effects on Ki67 among patients with ER-negative tumors. There were no treatment differences in adverse events. Conclusion: In this exploratory trial, 60 mg/day raloxifene showed a significant antiproliferative effect in ER-positive breast cancer, demonstrated by the decrease in Ki67, with no effect in ER-negative cancer. This provides support for raloxifene having a breast cancer preventive effect in postmenopausal women.

Effect of raloxifene on breast cancer cell Ki67 and apoptosis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in postmenopausal patients / M. Dowsett, N.J. Bundred, A. Decensi, R.C. Sainsbury, Y. Lu, M.J. Hills, F.J. Cohen, P. Veronesi, M.E. O'Brien, T. Scott, D.B. Muchmore. - In: CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION. - ISSN 1055-9965. - 10:9(2001), pp. 961-966.

Effect of raloxifene on breast cancer cell Ki67 and apoptosis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in postmenopausal patients

P. Veronesi;
2001

Abstract

Purpose: Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator approved for prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. This is an exploratory study of raloxifene in primary breast cancer patients. Experimental design: Postmenopausal women (50-80 years of age), with histological or cytological diagnosis of stage I or II primary breast cancer, were randomly assigned to 14 days of placebo, 60 mg/day raloxifene, or 300 mg twice daily (600 mg/day) of raloxifene. A core biopsy of the primary tumor was obtained before therapy, and a representative sample of the excised tumor was obtained from the operative specimen after treatment. Paired baseline and endpoint biopsies from each patient were analyzed for Ki67, apoptosis, and estrogen and progesterone receptors. Treatment group differences in efficacy measurements were primarily evaluated for baseline-to-endpoint change and percentage change using a one-way ANOVA with treatment as the fixed effect. Results: Of 167 enrolled patients, 143 had evaluable efficacy data. Most breast cancer cases were invasive (98.6%), stage I (76.6%), and ER-positive (83.2%). In patients with ER-positive tumors, Ki67 increased 7% from baseline on placebo and decreased by 21% on 60 mg/day raloxifene (P = 0.015 versus placebo) and by 14% on 600 mg/day raloxifene (P = 0.064 versus placebo). Raloxifene did not affect apoptosis. ER decreased significantly with 60 mg/day or 600 mg/day raloxifene compared with placebo (P < 0.01 for each comparison). Raloxifene had no statistically significant effects on Ki67 among patients with ER-negative tumors. There were no treatment differences in adverse events. Conclusion: In this exploratory trial, 60 mg/day raloxifene showed a significant antiproliferative effect in ER-positive breast cancer, demonstrated by the decrease in Ki67, with no effect in ER-negative cancer. This provides support for raloxifene having a breast cancer preventive effect in postmenopausal women.
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Apoptosis; Breast Neoplasms; Double-Blind Method; Drug Administration Schedule; Female; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Italy; Ki-67 Antigen; Middle Aged; Postmenopause; Raloxifene Hydrochloride; Receptors, Estrogen; Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators; Tumor Cells, Cultured
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
961.full.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 182.84 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
182.84 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/893240
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 22
  • Scopus 94
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 87
social impact