Introduction A precise knowledge of the possible Adverse Events (AEs) related to spinal surgical procedures is crucial in clinical practice. Research Question Purposes of this study are: to determine the prevalence and severity of perioperative AEs associated with pediatric and adult spine surgery in a high volume center; to estimate the impact of perioperative AEs on length of hospital stay (LOS). Material and Methods This is a prospective, observational, monocenter study, including 346 consecutive patients (294 adults and 52 pediatrics). The SAVES-V2 questionnaire was used to record AEs. The form was updated by the medical staff every time an adverse event was recorded during hospitalization. Results 21,2% of pediatric patients and 20,7% of adults had at least 1 perioperative AEs. In adults, dural tear (3.1%) and neuropathic pain (4,8%), were the most frequent intraoperative and postoperative AE, respectively. In pediatric patients, neurologic deterioration was the most frequent postoperative AE. A diagnosis of deformity (p=0.01), an ASA grade equal or superior to 3 (p=0.023) and the procedure ‘Posterior Spinal Fusion’ (p=0.001) were associated with a higher frequency of AEs. AEs required prolonged LOS in 40 cases, 7 (70%) pediatric patients and 33 (65%) adults. Discussion and Conclusion The overall prevalence of AEs is 20.8%, and, although the distribution is almost equal between adult and pediatric patients, their severity is related to age, being higher in pediatric patients. Deformities, deformity correction, revision surgery and AP surgery are the most impactful factors. AEs seriously affect hospitalization, with prolonged LOS (mean 6 days).

Perioperative adverse events in adult and pediatric spine surgery : A prospective cohort analysis of 364 consecutive patients / A. Lovi, E. Gallazzi, F. Galbusera, A. Colombini, F.E. Pregliasco, G. Peretti, M. Brayda-Bruno. - In: BRAIN AND SPINE. - ISSN 2772-5294. - 2:(2022 Jan), pp. 100858.1-100858.7. [10.1016/j.bas.2021.100858]

Perioperative adverse events in adult and pediatric spine surgery : A prospective cohort analysis of 364 consecutive patients

E. Gallazzi
Secondo
;
A. Colombini;F.E. Pregliasco;G. Peretti
Penultimo
;
2022-01

Abstract

Introduction A precise knowledge of the possible Adverse Events (AEs) related to spinal surgical procedures is crucial in clinical practice. Research Question Purposes of this study are: to determine the prevalence and severity of perioperative AEs associated with pediatric and adult spine surgery in a high volume center; to estimate the impact of perioperative AEs on length of hospital stay (LOS). Material and Methods This is a prospective, observational, monocenter study, including 346 consecutive patients (294 adults and 52 pediatrics). The SAVES-V2 questionnaire was used to record AEs. The form was updated by the medical staff every time an adverse event was recorded during hospitalization. Results 21,2% of pediatric patients and 20,7% of adults had at least 1 perioperative AEs. In adults, dural tear (3.1%) and neuropathic pain (4,8%), were the most frequent intraoperative and postoperative AE, respectively. In pediatric patients, neurologic deterioration was the most frequent postoperative AE. A diagnosis of deformity (p=0.01), an ASA grade equal or superior to 3 (p=0.023) and the procedure ‘Posterior Spinal Fusion’ (p=0.001) were associated with a higher frequency of AEs. AEs required prolonged LOS in 40 cases, 7 (70%) pediatric patients and 33 (65%) adults. Discussion and Conclusion The overall prevalence of AEs is 20.8%, and, although the distribution is almost equal between adult and pediatric patients, their severity is related to age, being higher in pediatric patients. Deformities, deformity correction, revision surgery and AP surgery are the most impactful factors. AEs seriously affect hospitalization, with prolonged LOS (mean 6 days).
spine surgery; adverse events epidemiology; patient's safety; deformity
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
29-dic-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/892587
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