Purpose: Radiologic criteria for the diagnosis of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation are nonspecific and can lead to misinterpretation. The primary aim of our study was to assess the interobserver agreement in the evaluation of chest X-rays (CXRs) for PGD diagnosis and to establish whether a specific training could have an impact on concordance rates. Secondary aim was to analyze causes of interobserver discordances. Material and methods: We retrospectively enrolled 164 patients who received bilateral lung transplantation at our institution, between February 2013 and December 2019. Three radiologists independently reviewed postoperative CXRs and classified them as suggestive or not for PGD. Two of the Raters performed a specific training before the beginning of the study. A senior thoracic radiologist subsequently analyzed all discordant cases among the Raters with the best agreement. Statistical analysis to calculate interobserver variability was percent agreement, Cohen’s kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient. Results: A total of 473 CXRs were evaluated. A very high concordance among the two trained Raters, 1 and 2, was found (K = 0.90, ICC = 0.90), while a poorer agreement was found in the other two pairings (Raters 1 and 3: K = 0.34, ICC = 0.40; Raters 2 and 3: K = 0.35, ICC = 0.40). The main cause of disagreement (52.4% of discordant cases) between Raters 1 and 2 was the overestimation of peribronchial thickening in the absence of unequivocal bilateral lung opacities or the incorrect assessment of unilateral alterations. Conclusion: To properly identify PGD, it is recommended for radiologists to receive an adequate specific training.

Interobserver variability in the evaluation of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation : impact of radiological training and analysis of discordant cases / M.C. Andrisani, V. Vespro, S. Fusco, A. Palleschi, V. Musso, A. Esposito, A. Coppola, P. Spadafora, F. Damarco, V. Scaravilli, L. Cortesi, L. Scudeller, A.R. Larici, G. Carrafiello. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - (2021 Dec 14). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s11547-021-01438-5]

Interobserver variability in the evaluation of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation : impact of radiological training and analysis of discordant cases

S. Fusco
;
A. Palleschi;V. Musso;P. Spadafora;V. Scaravilli;G. Carrafiello
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Radiologic criteria for the diagnosis of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation are nonspecific and can lead to misinterpretation. The primary aim of our study was to assess the interobserver agreement in the evaluation of chest X-rays (CXRs) for PGD diagnosis and to establish whether a specific training could have an impact on concordance rates. Secondary aim was to analyze causes of interobserver discordances. Material and methods: We retrospectively enrolled 164 patients who received bilateral lung transplantation at our institution, between February 2013 and December 2019. Three radiologists independently reviewed postoperative CXRs and classified them as suggestive or not for PGD. Two of the Raters performed a specific training before the beginning of the study. A senior thoracic radiologist subsequently analyzed all discordant cases among the Raters with the best agreement. Statistical analysis to calculate interobserver variability was percent agreement, Cohen’s kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient. Results: A total of 473 CXRs were evaluated. A very high concordance among the two trained Raters, 1 and 2, was found (K = 0.90, ICC = 0.90), while a poorer agreement was found in the other two pairings (Raters 1 and 3: K = 0.34, ICC = 0.40; Raters 2 and 3: K = 0.35, ICC = 0.40). The main cause of disagreement (52.4% of discordant cases) between Raters 1 and 2 was the overestimation of peribronchial thickening in the absence of unequivocal bilateral lung opacities or the incorrect assessment of unilateral alterations. Conclusion: To properly identify PGD, it is recommended for radiologists to receive an adequate specific training.
Chest X-ray; Interobserver variability; Lung transplantation; Primary graft dysfunction
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/892116
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