BACKGROUNDColorectal cancer is a common tumor with a quite high-related mortality. Despite the used curative treatments, patients will develop cancer recurrence in up to 50% of the cases and/or other primary neoplasms. Although most of the recurrences are discovered within 3 years from the first treatment, a small percentage is found after 5 years. The early detection of recurrence is crucial to allow further therapies improving patients' survival. Several follow-up programs have been developed but the optimal one is far from being established.AIMTo evaluation of potential prognostic factors for timing and patterns of recurrence in order to plan tailored follow-up programs.METHODSPerioperative and long-term data of all consecutive patients surgically treated with curative intent, from January 2006 to June 2009, for colorectal adenocar-cinoma, were retrospectively reviewed to find potential prognostic factors associated with: (1) Recurrence incidence; (2) Incidence of an early (within 3 years from surgery) or late recurrence; and (3) Different sites of recurrence. In addition, the incidence of other primary neoplasms has been evaluated in a cohort of patients with a minimum potential follow-up of 10 years.RESULTSOur study included 234 patients. The median follow-up period has been 119 +/- 46.2 mo. The recurrence rate has been 25.6%. Patients with a higher chance to develop recurrence had also the following characteristics: Higher levels of preoperative glycemia and carcinoembryonic antigen, highest anaesthesiologists Score score, occlusion, received a complex operation performed with an open technique, after a longer hospital stay, and showed advanced tumors. The independent prognostic factors for recurrence were the hospital stay, N stage 2, and M stage 1 (multivariate analysis). Younger ages were significantly associated with an early recurrence onset. Patients that received intermediate colectomies or segmental resections, having an N stage 2 or American Joint Committee on Cancer stage 3 tumors were also associated with a higher risk of liver recurrence, while metastatic diseases at diagnosis were linked with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant treatments showed lung recurrence. Finally, bigger tumors and higher lymph node ratio were associated with peritoneal recurrence (marginally significant). Thirty patients developed a second malignancy during the follow-up time.CONCLUSIONSeveral prognostic factors should be considered for tailored follow-up programs, eventually, beyond 5 years from the first treatment.
Evaluation of prognostic factors and clinicopathological patterns of recurrence after curative surgery for colorectal cancer / F. Melli, I. Bartolini, M. Risaliti, R. Tucci, M.N. Ringressi, P. Muiesan, A. Taddei, A. Amedei. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1948-9366. - 13:1(2021 Jan 27), pp. 50-75. [10.4240/wjgs.v13.i1.50]
|Titolo:||Evaluation of prognostic factors and clinicopathological patterns of recurrence after curative surgery for colorectal cancer|
|Parole Chiave:||Colorectal cancer; Follow-up programs; Long-term follow-up; Prognostic factors; Recurrence; Recurrence patterns|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||27-gen-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4240/wjgs.v13.i1.50|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|