Introduction: Lymph node (LN) metastasis is the first site of metastasis of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). LN status influences clinical management and the prognosis of patients. We explored the relationship between patient obesity and regional patterns of LN involvement in PTC. Materials and Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the data from 12,772 PTC patients. The rate of LN metastasis, number of LN metastasis, maximum diameter of positive LN, number of dissected LN, and LN ratios (LNR) were compared between normal-weight and obese patients. Statistical methods have been adjusted for the confounders in hypothesis testing. Results: Overweight and obesity were independent risk factor for metastatic LNs (OR1 = 1.125, 95% CI 1.042-1.214, P1 = 0.003; OR2 = 1.554, 95% CI 1.339-1.802, P2<0.001). Obesity was an independent risk factor for the number of metastatic CLNs (OR=1.159, 95% CI 0.975-1.377, P=0.045), however not for number of metastatic lateral LNs (P=0.907). Furthermore, obesity was not an independent risk factor for number of CLNs when dissected more than five (P=0.653), still an independent risk factors for number of metastatic lateral LNs when more than six (OR=1.185, 95% CI 1.010-1.391, P=0.037). As for LNR, obesity was an independent risk factor for the central LNR when more than 0.12 (OR adjusted 1 = 1.099, 95% CI 1.011-1.194, P1 = 0.027; OR adjusted 2 = 1.177, 95% CI 1.003-1.381, P2 = 0.045), for the lateral LNR more than 0.05 (P2 = 0.283). Conclusions: Obesity was associated with poor prognoses with PTC respecting LNs. Surgeons should be extreme caution when performing central neck dissection in obese patients.
The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Different Regional Patterns of Lymph Node Involvement in Papillary Thyroid Cancers / C. Li, G. Dionigi, N. Liang, H. Guan, H. Sun. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 11(2021 Dec 22), pp. 767245.1-767245.10. [10.3389/fonc.2021.767245]
|Titolo:||The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Different Regional Patterns of Lymph Node Involvement in Papillary Thyroid Cancers|
|Parole Chiave:||body mass index; lymph node; papillary thyroid cancer; metastasis; regional patterns|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||22-dic-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.767245|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|