The recent literature supports the sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in dogs with MCT due to discrepancy with the regional lymph node and the high percentage of occult metastasis. However, the SLN biopsy includes additional anesthesiologic, diagnostic, and surgical procedures, and additional costs. The study aimed to assess the association between clinicopathological variables and SLN status, determining the identification of dogs at lower risk of SLN metastases. Dogs with integumentary MCT were admitted to the lymphoscintigraphic mapping and subsequent biopsy of SLN. The association between clinicopathological variables of MCT and SLN status was statistically tested, both considering occult and overt metastasis together (HN2‐HN3) and overt metastasis (HN3) alone. Fifty low‐grade cutaneous MCT and 16 subcutaneous MCT were included. A small to moderate association between integumentary MCT ≥ 3 cm and HN2‐HN3 SLN was found. A strong association of integumentary MCT dimension and subcutaneous MCT with HN3 SLN occurred. Dimension of low‐grade cutaneous and subcutaneous MCT seems to correlate with SLN status, but additional study should confirm this data before excluding small MCT to the SLN biopsy. On the contrary, the study results induce a solid suggestion for mapping and biopsy of the SLN in MCT > 3 cm and subcutaneous MCT.

Assessing the risk of nodal metastases in canine integumentary mast cell tumors: Is sentinel lymph node biopsy always necessary? / R. Ferrari, P. Boracchi, L.E. Chiti, M. Manfredi, C. Giudice, D. De Zani, C. Spediacci, C. Recordati, V. Grieco, E.M. Gariboldi, D. Stefanello. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 11:8(2021 Aug), pp. 2373.1-2373.13. [10.3390/ani11082373]

Assessing the risk of nodal metastases in canine integumentary mast cell tumors: Is sentinel lymph node biopsy always necessary?

R. Ferrari
Primo
Project Administration
;
P. Boracchi
Formal Analysis
;
L.E. Chiti
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
C. Giudice;C. Spediacci;C. Recordati;V. Grieco;D. Stefanello
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

The recent literature supports the sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in dogs with MCT due to discrepancy with the regional lymph node and the high percentage of occult metastasis. However, the SLN biopsy includes additional anesthesiologic, diagnostic, and surgical procedures, and additional costs. The study aimed to assess the association between clinicopathological variables and SLN status, determining the identification of dogs at lower risk of SLN metastases. Dogs with integumentary MCT were admitted to the lymphoscintigraphic mapping and subsequent biopsy of SLN. The association between clinicopathological variables of MCT and SLN status was statistically tested, both considering occult and overt metastasis together (HN2‐HN3) and overt metastasis (HN3) alone. Fifty low‐grade cutaneous MCT and 16 subcutaneous MCT were included. A small to moderate association between integumentary MCT ≥ 3 cm and HN2‐HN3 SLN was found. A strong association of integumentary MCT dimension and subcutaneous MCT with HN3 SLN occurred. Dimension of low‐grade cutaneous and subcutaneous MCT seems to correlate with SLN status, but additional study should confirm this data before excluding small MCT to the SLN biopsy. On the contrary, the study results induce a solid suggestion for mapping and biopsy of the SLN in MCT > 3 cm and subcutaneous MCT.
Lymphoscintigraphy; Mast cell tumor; Metastasis; Sentinel lymph node; Staging;
Settore VET/09 - Clinica Chirurgica Veterinaria
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/890778
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