The Jurassic ophiolites in the Northern Apennines and the Western Alps represent fossil mid-ocean ridge (MOR) oceanic lithosphere that formed in the Mesozoic Ligurian-Piedmont Ocean Basin (LPOB). Their sedimentary covers include chaotic rock units containing ophiolite-derived material. The processes of formation and the lithostratigraphic position of these chaotic units in the Western Alps remain a matter of debate, unlike their counterparts in the Northern Apennines. This is because of pervasive tectonic deformation and high-pressure metamorphism that affected their internal structure during collisional tectonics. A comparative analysis of these chaotic units in both mountain belts reveals the nature of processes involved in their formation. Chaotic deposits of gravitational origin occur both below and above the extrusive sequences in the ophiolites. They represent synextensional, hyperconcentrated deposits associated with the seafloor-spreading evolution of the LPOB lithosphere during Middle and Late Jurassic times. Mass transport deposits (MTDs) occur as intercalations within turbiditic sequences above the ophiolites. They represent syncontractional submarine slides that occurred on frontal accretionary prism slopes during the Late Cretaceous–Paleocene closure of the LPOB. The results of our comparative analysis imply that (1) the structure-stratigraphy of the chaotic deposits and MTDs of the Northern Apennines can be used as a proxy to better identify their metamorphosed and highly deformed counterparts in the Western Alps, (2) sedi-mentological processes associated with slow-spreading MOR tectonics and accretionary prism development in convergent-margin tectonics contributed to the sediment budgets of the cover sequences, and (3) magmatic, tectonic, and sedimen-tological processes that occurred during the formation of the Jurassic oceanic lithosphere and its sedimentary cover in the LPOB were remarkably uniform and synchronous.

Comparative analysis of the sedimentary cover units of the jurassic western tethys ophiolites in the northern apennines and western alps (Italy) : Processes of the formation of mass-transport and chaotic deposits during seafloor spreading and subduction zone tectonics / A. Festa, F. Meneghini, G. Balestro, L. Pandolfi, P. Tartarotti, Y. Dilek, M. Marroni. - In: THE JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1376. - 129:5(2021), pp. 533-561. [10.1086/716498]

Comparative analysis of the sedimentary cover units of the jurassic western tethys ophiolites in the northern apennines and western alps (Italy) : Processes of the formation of mass-transport and chaotic deposits during seafloor spreading and subduction zone tectonics

P. Tartarotti;
2021

Abstract

The Jurassic ophiolites in the Northern Apennines and the Western Alps represent fossil mid-ocean ridge (MOR) oceanic lithosphere that formed in the Mesozoic Ligurian-Piedmont Ocean Basin (LPOB). Their sedimentary covers include chaotic rock units containing ophiolite-derived material. The processes of formation and the lithostratigraphic position of these chaotic units in the Western Alps remain a matter of debate, unlike their counterparts in the Northern Apennines. This is because of pervasive tectonic deformation and high-pressure metamorphism that affected their internal structure during collisional tectonics. A comparative analysis of these chaotic units in both mountain belts reveals the nature of processes involved in their formation. Chaotic deposits of gravitational origin occur both below and above the extrusive sequences in the ophiolites. They represent synextensional, hyperconcentrated deposits associated with the seafloor-spreading evolution of the LPOB lithosphere during Middle and Late Jurassic times. Mass transport deposits (MTDs) occur as intercalations within turbiditic sequences above the ophiolites. They represent syncontractional submarine slides that occurred on frontal accretionary prism slopes during the Late Cretaceous–Paleocene closure of the LPOB. The results of our comparative analysis imply that (1) the structure-stratigraphy of the chaotic deposits and MTDs of the Northern Apennines can be used as a proxy to better identify their metamorphosed and highly deformed counterparts in the Western Alps, (2) sedi-mentological processes associated with slow-spreading MOR tectonics and accretionary prism development in convergent-margin tectonics contributed to the sediment budgets of the cover sequences, and (3) magmatic, tectonic, and sedimen-tological processes that occurred during the formation of the Jurassic oceanic lithosphere and its sedimentary cover in the LPOB were remarkably uniform and synchronous.
Tethys, Ophiolites, Sedimentary Cover, Chaotic deposit
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/890622
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