Purpose: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with positive patch tests undergoing a medial mobile-bearing titanium–niobium nitride (TiNbN) unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) to patients undergoing standard UKA (cobalt–chromium [CoCr] implants). Methods: Two successive groups of patients, amounting to a total of 246 individuals, who received Oxford (Zimmer-Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana, USA) UKA were included. The first group was composed of a series of 203 consecutive standard CoCr UKAs (Standard Group), while the second group comprised 43 consecutive hypoallergenic TiNbN UKAs (HA group). The patients of the second group had a positive epicutaneous patch test result for metals. Each patient was evaluated using the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Society Score (KSS) a day prior to the surgery (T0) and at two consecutive follow-ups, namely T1 (minimum follow-up of 12 months) and T2 (minimum follow-up of 34 months). Radiographic measurements were performed at the final follow-up (T2). Results: No statistical differences were noted between the two groups regarding demographic data (p > 0.05). No clinical or radiographic differences were found between the HA and standard groups at any follow-up (p > 0.05). A statistically significant improvement was found at any follow-up for both OKS and KSS (p < 0.05). Conclusions: No clinical or radiographic differences between the hypoallergenic and standard cobalt–chromium groups at any follow-up were found, with a clinically significant improvement being experienced by both groups during the entire follow-up. Level of evidence: Level II—comparative prospective study.

No Clinical or Radiographic Differences Between Cemented Cobalt–Chromium and Titanium–Niobium Nitride Mobile-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty / R. D'Ambrosi, R. Loucas, M. Loucas, R. Giorgino, N. Ursino, G.M. Peretti. - In: INDIAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDICS. - ISSN 0019-5413. - 55:5(2021), pp. 1195-1201. [10.1007/s43465-021-00486-3]

No Clinical or Radiographic Differences Between Cemented Cobalt–Chromium and Titanium–Niobium Nitride Mobile-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

R. D'Ambrosi
Primo
;
R. Giorgino;G.M. Peretti
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with positive patch tests undergoing a medial mobile-bearing titanium–niobium nitride (TiNbN) unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) to patients undergoing standard UKA (cobalt–chromium [CoCr] implants). Methods: Two successive groups of patients, amounting to a total of 246 individuals, who received Oxford (Zimmer-Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana, USA) UKA were included. The first group was composed of a series of 203 consecutive standard CoCr UKAs (Standard Group), while the second group comprised 43 consecutive hypoallergenic TiNbN UKAs (HA group). The patients of the second group had a positive epicutaneous patch test result for metals. Each patient was evaluated using the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Society Score (KSS) a day prior to the surgery (T0) and at two consecutive follow-ups, namely T1 (minimum follow-up of 12 months) and T2 (minimum follow-up of 34 months). Radiographic measurements were performed at the final follow-up (T2). Results: No statistical differences were noted between the two groups regarding demographic data (p > 0.05). No clinical or radiographic differences were found between the HA and standard groups at any follow-up (p > 0.05). A statistically significant improvement was found at any follow-up for both OKS and KSS (p < 0.05). Conclusions: No clinical or radiographic differences between the hypoallergenic and standard cobalt–chromium groups at any follow-up were found, with a clinically significant improvement being experienced by both groups during the entire follow-up. Level of evidence: Level II—comparative prospective study.
Knee osteoarthritis; Metal allergy; Oxford mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/888762
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