Objective: The aim of this study is to compare and to test the performance of all available risk scoring systems (RSSs) designed to predict long-term survival rate in asymptomatic candidate patients for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for significant carotid artery stenosis. Methods: Data on asymptomatic patients who underwent CEA in three high-volume centers were prospectively recorded. Through literature research using PRISMA recommendations, six RSSs were identified for the intent of the study. Primary endpoints were 3- and 5-year survival rate after CEA. All items used as variables to compose multiple RSSs were applied to every patient in the study population. The 3-year and 5-year mortality prediction rates for each score were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, predictive negative and positive value calculation, as well as univariable Cox proportional hazard models with the Harrell's C index. Results: During the study period, 825 CEAs in 825 asymptomatic patients were analyzed. All items used in RSSs were available in the dataset, with some concerns regarding their definition and application among RSSs. The 3-year and 5-year survival rates of the study cohort were 94.5% and 90.3%, respectively. Among the six RSSs analyzed, no RSS demonstrated optimal results in terms of mortality rate prediction accuracy, although some scores had good diagnostic and risk of death precision. Conclusion: RSSs, when used alone, fail to optimally detect postoperative life-expectancy in asymptomatic CEA patient candidates. Further prospective controlled studies are needed to compose and validate RSSs with better calibration to predict outcomes.

Role of risk scoring systems in predicting life expectancy after carotid endarterectomy in asymptomatic patients / D. Bissacco, C. Malloggi, M. Domanin, L. Cortesi, L. Scudeller, J. Mognarelli, T. Porretta, E. Costantini, V. Silani, G. Parati, S. Trimarchi, R. Casana. - In: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0741-5214. - (2021 Oct 01). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.jvs.2021.08.099]

Role of risk scoring systems in predicting life expectancy after carotid endarterectomy in asymptomatic patients

M. Domanin;V. Silani;S. Trimarchi;
2021

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to compare and to test the performance of all available risk scoring systems (RSSs) designed to predict long-term survival rate in asymptomatic candidate patients for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for significant carotid artery stenosis. Methods: Data on asymptomatic patients who underwent CEA in three high-volume centers were prospectively recorded. Through literature research using PRISMA recommendations, six RSSs were identified for the intent of the study. Primary endpoints were 3- and 5-year survival rate after CEA. All items used as variables to compose multiple RSSs were applied to every patient in the study population. The 3-year and 5-year mortality prediction rates for each score were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, predictive negative and positive value calculation, as well as univariable Cox proportional hazard models with the Harrell's C index. Results: During the study period, 825 CEAs in 825 asymptomatic patients were analyzed. All items used in RSSs were available in the dataset, with some concerns regarding their definition and application among RSSs. The 3-year and 5-year survival rates of the study cohort were 94.5% and 90.3%, respectively. Among the six RSSs analyzed, no RSS demonstrated optimal results in terms of mortality rate prediction accuracy, although some scores had good diagnostic and risk of death precision. Conclusion: RSSs, when used alone, fail to optimally detect postoperative life-expectancy in asymptomatic CEA patient candidates. Further prospective controlled studies are needed to compose and validate RSSs with better calibration to predict outcomes.
asymptomatic carotid stenosis; carotid endarterectomy; risk scoring system; stroke; survival analysis
Settore MED/22 - Chirurgia Vascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/888668
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