We describe the development of an on-cell NMR method for the rapid screening of FimH ligands and the structural identification of ligand binding epitopes. FimH is a mannose-binding bacterial adhesin expressed at the apical end of type 1 pili of uropathogenic bacterial strains and responsible for their D-mannose sensitive adhesion to host mammalian epithelial cells. Because of these properties, FimH is a key virulence factor and an attractive therapeutic target for urinary tract infection. We prepared synthetic D-mannose decorated dendrimers, we tested their ability to prevent the FimH-mediated yeast agglutination, and thus we used the compounds showing the best inhibitory activity as models of FimH multivalent ligands to set up our NMR methodology. Our experimental protocol, based on on-cell STD NMR techniques, is a suitable tool for the screening and the epitope mapping of FimH ligands aimed at the development of new antiadhesive and diagnostic tools against urinary tract infection pathogens. Notably, the study is carried out in a physiological environment, i.e. at the surface of living pathogen cells expressing FimH.

On-cell saturation transfer difference NMR for the identification of FimH ligands and inhibitors / A. Palmioli, P. Sperandeo, S. Bertuzzi, A. Polissi, C. Airoldi. - In: BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0045-2068. - 112(2021 Jul), pp. 104876.1-104876.9. [10.1016/j.bioorg.2021.104876]

On-cell saturation transfer difference NMR for the identification of FimH ligands and inhibitors

A. Palmioli
Primo
Investigation
;
P. Sperandeo
Secondo
Investigation
;
A. Polissi
Penultimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2021

Abstract

We describe the development of an on-cell NMR method for the rapid screening of FimH ligands and the structural identification of ligand binding epitopes. FimH is a mannose-binding bacterial adhesin expressed at the apical end of type 1 pili of uropathogenic bacterial strains and responsible for their D-mannose sensitive adhesion to host mammalian epithelial cells. Because of these properties, FimH is a key virulence factor and an attractive therapeutic target for urinary tract infection. We prepared synthetic D-mannose decorated dendrimers, we tested their ability to prevent the FimH-mediated yeast agglutination, and thus we used the compounds showing the best inhibitory activity as models of FimH multivalent ligands to set up our NMR methodology. Our experimental protocol, based on on-cell STD NMR techniques, is a suitable tool for the screening and the epitope mapping of FimH ligands aimed at the development of new antiadhesive and diagnostic tools against urinary tract infection pathogens. Notably, the study is carried out in a physiological environment, i.e. at the surface of living pathogen cells expressing FimH.
Anti-adhesive therapies; Anti-virulence; Carbohydrate-lectin interactions; FimH adhesin; FimH ligand screening; Lectin-mediated adhesion inhibitors; Ligand-receptor interaction studies; Multivalent ligands; On-cell STD NMR; Adhesins, Escherichia coli; Dendrimers; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Fimbriae Proteins; Ligands; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Mannose; Molecular Structure; Structure-Activity Relationship
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/887506
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