The surdulina and the zampogna a chiave are two diferent types of Italian bagpipes. They are largely used in the region of Basilicata, in southern Italy. They have two chanters and two drones; basically, in this area these instruments are traditionally played as solo instruments without any kind of accompaniment. The presence of the two chanters allows the instruments to perform multipart music, which is among the most interesting cases in Italy. The surdulina in particular, which is typical of these areas, constitutes a special case among Italian bagpipes. First, the paper focuses on the morphological structure of the two instruments, which have diferent characteristics, both in terms of size and in the type of reeds used. Second, the musical system itself is then explored, which is taught and transmitted by memory and by imitation without any form of writing. It is based on an intensive counterpoint between the two chanters; the typical musical style is characterized by small-chained and varying motifs. The musical repertoire includes slow music used for religious processions, and fast music for dance. Finally, the text is supplemented by photographs relating to the instruments made by Quirino Valvano, one of the main artisans who is very active today in the Basilicata region.

The Bagpipes in the Mount Pollino Area (Southern Italy) : Morphology and Musical Repertoires / N. Scaldaferri - In: Playing Multipart Music : Solo and Ensemble Traditions in Europe : European Voices IV / [a cura di] U. Morgenstern, A. Ahmedaja. - Vienna-Colonia : Böhlau Verlag, 2022. - ISBN 978-3-205-21410-6. - pp. 71-93 (( Intervento presentato al 4. convegno European Voices IV : Multipart Instrumental Music: Soloists and Ensemble Traditions tenutosi a Wien nel 2015 [10.7767/9783205214106.71].

The Bagpipes in the Mount Pollino Area (Southern Italy) : Morphology and Musical Repertoires

N. Scaldaferri
2022

Abstract

The surdulina and the zampogna a chiave are two diferent types of Italian bagpipes. They are largely used in the region of Basilicata, in southern Italy. They have two chanters and two drones; basically, in this area these instruments are traditionally played as solo instruments without any kind of accompaniment. The presence of the two chanters allows the instruments to perform multipart music, which is among the most interesting cases in Italy. The surdulina in particular, which is typical of these areas, constitutes a special case among Italian bagpipes. First, the paper focuses on the morphological structure of the two instruments, which have diferent characteristics, both in terms of size and in the type of reeds used. Second, the musical system itself is then explored, which is taught and transmitted by memory and by imitation without any form of writing. It is based on an intensive counterpoint between the two chanters; the typical musical style is characterized by small-chained and varying motifs. The musical repertoire includes slow music used for religious processions, and fast music for dance. Finally, the text is supplemented by photographs relating to the instruments made by Quirino Valvano, one of the main artisans who is very active today in the Basilicata region.
Bagpipes; zampogna; surdulina; Basilicata; multipart music
Settore L-ART/08 - Etnomusicologia
University of Music and Performing Arts
Book Part (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/887504
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