In all domestic species, mating control is a key aspect of any breeding program. In Apis mellifera the problem is crucial due to the free mating of the virgin queen in its single nuptial flight and to the variable number of haploid drones. Controlled matings via, for instance, geographic isolation is an effective approach but it is not a common practice yet. In such a situation, pedigree is not complete because drone origin is missing and selection occurs only on the maternal path. Since 2015, 108 colonies from five sites of a honey bee breeding company from Lombardy have beenevaluated for honey production (HP), hygienic behaviour (HB) and docility (DOC). A pedigree with information about breeding queens (BQ) and drone producing queens (DPQ) have also been recorded. The objective of this study is to present the results of a genetic evaluation developed using the aforementioned information. The original dataset included 494 records for HP, HB and DOC. A pedigree with 1267 individuals was also available, including information on drone origin. A total of 6 DPQ were used and traced back. Considering that in honey bees the observed performance is due to the contribution of both the worker bees and their queen, a direct and maternal genetic effect model was used to estimate variance components and breeding values. The model included the fixed effect of year of production, the random effect of the interaction of mating site and year of production, and the random genetic effects of the worker and the queen of the colony. The inverse additive relationship matrix was calculated by combining the classical inversion strategy of Henderson with the bee-specific properties of haploid drones. The random interaction of the mating site and year of production was included to mitigate the unbalanced distribution of DPQ across mating sites. The BLUPF90 programs were used to estimate variance components and to compute EBV fitting each trait separately. Heritability of the worker direct genetic effect ranged from 0.20 for DOC to 0.45 for HP. For all traits, the random non-genetic component accounted for more than 40% of the phenotypic variance. Residual variances accounted for about 10%. Heritability of maternal genetic effect ranged from 0.40 for HP to 0.65 for HB. The correlation between direct and maternal genetic effects was negative for all traits.

Genetic evaluation and variance component estimation in an Italian honey bee population / S. Biffani, G. Minozzi, M. Grazia Di Iorio, G. Pagnacco - In: ASPA 24th Congress Book of Abstract, Italian Journal of Animal Science[s.l] : Taylor & Francis, 2021. - pp. 87-87 (( Intervento presentato al 24. convegno Congress of Animal Science and Production tenutosi a Padova nel 2021.

Genetic evaluation and variance component estimation in an Italian honey bee population

G. Minozzi
Secondo
;
2021

Abstract

In all domestic species, mating control is a key aspect of any breeding program. In Apis mellifera the problem is crucial due to the free mating of the virgin queen in its single nuptial flight and to the variable number of haploid drones. Controlled matings via, for instance, geographic isolation is an effective approach but it is not a common practice yet. In such a situation, pedigree is not complete because drone origin is missing and selection occurs only on the maternal path. Since 2015, 108 colonies from five sites of a honey bee breeding company from Lombardy have beenevaluated for honey production (HP), hygienic behaviour (HB) and docility (DOC). A pedigree with information about breeding queens (BQ) and drone producing queens (DPQ) have also been recorded. The objective of this study is to present the results of a genetic evaluation developed using the aforementioned information. The original dataset included 494 records for HP, HB and DOC. A pedigree with 1267 individuals was also available, including information on drone origin. A total of 6 DPQ were used and traced back. Considering that in honey bees the observed performance is due to the contribution of both the worker bees and their queen, a direct and maternal genetic effect model was used to estimate variance components and breeding values. The model included the fixed effect of year of production, the random effect of the interaction of mating site and year of production, and the random genetic effects of the worker and the queen of the colony. The inverse additive relationship matrix was calculated by combining the classical inversion strategy of Henderson with the bee-specific properties of haploid drones. The random interaction of the mating site and year of production was included to mitigate the unbalanced distribution of DPQ across mating sites. The BLUPF90 programs were used to estimate variance components and to compute EBV fitting each trait separately. Heritability of the worker direct genetic effect ranged from 0.20 for DOC to 0.45 for HP. For all traits, the random non-genetic component accounted for more than 40% of the phenotypic variance. Residual variances accounted for about 10%. Heritability of maternal genetic effect ranged from 0.40 for HP to 0.65 for HB. The correlation between direct and maternal genetic effects was negative for all traits.
Breeding Values; honeybees; heritability; genetic correlations.
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
Genomica e Sostenibilità in Apicoltura (BEENOMIX 2.0)
Book Part (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/887458
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