Cardiometabolic risk factors increase the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), but whether these metabolic anomalies affect the anti-atherogenic function of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is not yet clearly known. The present study aimed to delineate if the function and maturation of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles cross-sectionally associate with surrogate markers of ASCVD in a population comprising of different degree of cardiometabolic risk. We enrolled 131 subjects and characterized cardiometabolic risk based on the IDF criteria's for metabolic syndrome (MS). In this population, cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and ApoA-1 glycation was associated with waist circumference, abdominal visceral fat (VFA) and abdominal subcutaneous fat. In multivariate analyses, VFA was identified as a critical contributor for low CEC and LCAT. When stratified into groups based on the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors, we found a prominent reduction in CEC and LCAT as a function of the progressive increase of cardiometabolic risk from 0-2, 0-3 to 0-4/5, whereas an increase in Pre-β-HDL and ApoA-1 glycation was observed between the lowest and highest risk groups. These findings confirm the connection between MS and its predisposing conditions to an impairment of atheroprotective efflux-promoting function of HDLs. Furthermore, we have identified the bona fide pathogenically contribution of abdominal obesity to profound alterations of key metrics of RCT.

Abdominal obesity negatively influences key metrics of reverse cholesterol transport / J. Härdfeldt, M. Cariello, S. Simonelli, A. Ossoli, N. Scalpi, M. Piglionica, E. Pasculli, A. Noia, E. Berardi, P. Suppressa, G. Piazzolla, C. Sabbà, L. Calabresi, A. Moschetta. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR AND CELL BIOLOGY OF LIPIDS. - ISSN 1388-1981. - 1867:2(2022 Feb), pp. 159087.1-159087.11. [10.1016/j.bbalip.2021.159087]

Abdominal obesity negatively influences key metrics of reverse cholesterol transport

S. Simonelli;A. Ossoli;L. Calabresi;
2022-02

Abstract

Cardiometabolic risk factors increase the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), but whether these metabolic anomalies affect the anti-atherogenic function of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is not yet clearly known. The present study aimed to delineate if the function and maturation of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles cross-sectionally associate with surrogate markers of ASCVD in a population comprising of different degree of cardiometabolic risk. We enrolled 131 subjects and characterized cardiometabolic risk based on the IDF criteria's for metabolic syndrome (MS). In this population, cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and ApoA-1 glycation was associated with waist circumference, abdominal visceral fat (VFA) and abdominal subcutaneous fat. In multivariate analyses, VFA was identified as a critical contributor for low CEC and LCAT. When stratified into groups based on the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors, we found a prominent reduction in CEC and LCAT as a function of the progressive increase of cardiometabolic risk from 0-2, 0-3 to 0-4/5, whereas an increase in Pre-β-HDL and ApoA-1 glycation was observed between the lowest and highest risk groups. These findings confirm the connection between MS and its predisposing conditions to an impairment of atheroprotective efflux-promoting function of HDLs. Furthermore, we have identified the bona fide pathogenically contribution of abdominal obesity to profound alterations of key metrics of RCT.
Abdominal obesity; HDL; Inflammation; LCAT; Oxidative stress; Reverse cholesterol transport
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
20-nov-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/886904
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