Background: Desmoid tumour is a benign, non metastasising neoplasm characterised by an elevated deposition of organic macromolecules in the extracellular matrix (ECM). The matrix metalloproteinases ( MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent proteinases involved in the degradation of ECM macromolecules. The MMPs and their natural inhibitors (TIMPs) have been implicated in tumour growth, invasion and metastasis. In this study we provide evidence that the in vitro cultured cell line from desmoid tumour accumulates more collagen fibres in the ECM than healthy fibroblasts. Methods: We investigated collagen accumulation by H-3-thymidine incorporation, MMP expression by substrate gel zymography and TIMP expression by Western blot analysis. Results: Desmoid fibroblasts showed a reduction in MMP activity and an increase of type I and III collagen and TIMPs compared to normal fibroblasts. Conclusion: The increase in collagen in desmoid fibroblasts was due to inhibited collagen degradation ( reduction of MMP activity) rather than to increased collagen synthesis. Adding toremifene, an anti-estrogen triphenylethylene derivate, to desmoid fibroblasts reduced collagen accumulation by decreasing mRNA expression and increasing collagen degradation.
|Titolo:||Human desmoid fibroblasts: matrix metalloproteinases, their inhibitors and modulation by Toremifene|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/1471-2407-5-22|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|