In the context of hybrid multimodal imaging agents for gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) targeting, a correlation between the net charge and the receptor affinity of the agents was recently found. In particular, a decrease in in vitro GRPR binding affinity was observed in case of an increasing number of negative charges for dually labeled GRPR–specific peptide dimers suited for positron emission tomography and optical imaging (PET/OI). This adverse influence of anionic charges could be in part compensated by a higher valency of peptide multimerization. However, it remains unknown whether this adverse effect of anionic charges is limited to peptide multimers or if it is also found or even more pronounced when GRPR–specific peptide monomers are dually labeled with fluorescent dye and chelating agent/radionuclide. Moreover, it would be important to know if this effect is limited to GRPR–specific agents only or if these observations also apply to other dually labeled peptides binding to other receptor types. To address these questions, we synthesized hybrid labels, comprising a chelator, different fluorescent dyes carrying different net charges and a functional group for bioconjugation and introduced them into different peptides, specifically targeting the GRPR, the melanocortin–1 receptor (MC1R) and integrin αvβ3. The synthesized conjugates were evaluated with regard to their chemical, radiochemical, photophysical and receptor affinity properties. It was found that neither the68Ga–radiolabeling nor the fluorescence characteristics of the dyes were altered by the conjugation of the MIUs to the peptides. Further, it was confirmed that the net number of anionic charges has a negative effect on the GRPR–binding affinity of the GRPR–targeting MIU–peptide monomer conjugates and that this same effect was also found to the same extent for the other receptor systems studied.

Synthesis, characterization and in vitro evaluation of hybrid monomeric peptides suited for multimodal imaging by pet/oi: Extending the concept of charge–cell binding correlation / M. Maspero, X. Cheng, V. von Kiedrowski, C. Dallanoce, B. Wangler, R. Hubner, C. Wangler. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 14:10(2021 Oct), pp. 989.1-989.19. [10.3390/ph14100989]

Synthesis, characterization and in vitro evaluation of hybrid monomeric peptides suited for multimodal imaging by pet/oi: Extending the concept of charge–cell binding correlation

M. Maspero
Primo
;
C. Dallanoce;
2021

Abstract

In the context of hybrid multimodal imaging agents for gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) targeting, a correlation between the net charge and the receptor affinity of the agents was recently found. In particular, a decrease in in vitro GRPR binding affinity was observed in case of an increasing number of negative charges for dually labeled GRPR–specific peptide dimers suited for positron emission tomography and optical imaging (PET/OI). This adverse influence of anionic charges could be in part compensated by a higher valency of peptide multimerization. However, it remains unknown whether this adverse effect of anionic charges is limited to peptide multimers or if it is also found or even more pronounced when GRPR–specific peptide monomers are dually labeled with fluorescent dye and chelating agent/radionuclide. Moreover, it would be important to know if this effect is limited to GRPR–specific agents only or if these observations also apply to other dually labeled peptides binding to other receptor types. To address these questions, we synthesized hybrid labels, comprising a chelator, different fluorescent dyes carrying different net charges and a functional group for bioconjugation and introduced them into different peptides, specifically targeting the GRPR, the melanocortin–1 receptor (MC1R) and integrin αvβ3. The synthesized conjugates were evaluated with regard to their chemical, radiochemical, photophysical and receptor affinity properties. It was found that neither the68Ga–radiolabeling nor the fluorescence characteristics of the dyes were altered by the conjugation of the MIUs to the peptides. Further, it was confirmed that the net number of anionic charges has a negative effect on the GRPR–binding affinity of the GRPR–targeting MIU–peptide monomer conjugates and that this same effect was also found to the same extent for the other receptor systems studied.
68 Ga; Fluorescent dyes; GRPR; MC1R; Multimodal imaging; PET/OI; Receptor affinity; αvβ3
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
set-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/886441
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