This work provides information on the features of low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA)-decorated liposomes to target resveratrol (RSV) in the skin. Deformable liposomes were made of soy-phosphatidylcholine with Tween 80 as the fluidizing agent. For HA conjugation, three different phosphoethanolamines were tested: 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DMPE), and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE). The different phosphoethanolamine-HA conjugates were inserted into the liposome bilayer by hydration (HA on both faces of the bilayer) or by the postinsertion method (HA only on the external face of the bilayer). The effect of these variables on deformability was experimentally assessed by an in-house method (K value, the lower the value, the higher the deformability) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results showed that the K values of HA-liposomes obtained by hydration were higher than the K values of HA-liposomes prepared by postinsertion, and both were at least 10-fold higher than the K values of the corresponding plain liposomes. The nature of the lipid anchor played a key role in deformability (DMPE > DOPE > DPPE) with high variability in the case of DOPE formulations. These data were justified by the trends found in silico for the bilayer bending modulus and the HA end-to-end distance. In addition to liposome flexibility, the HA extent seems to be the key factor governing the skin penetration of RSV. When the extent is higher, the amount of the drug retained in the skin is larger. Regarding skin permeation, a parabolic trend was recorded, and the optimal amount to favor skin permeation was an approximately 30 HA/phospholipid (μg/mmol) ratio. This study reports the first piece of evidence that it is possible to control drug delivery in the skin by tuning the amount of HA on the vesicle surface.

Rationalizing the design of hyaluronic acid-decorated liposomes for targeting epidermal layers: a combination of molecular dynamics and experimental evidence / S. Franze', F. Rama, P. Rocco, M. Debernardi, V. Bincoletto, S. Arpicco, F. Cilurzo. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1543-8392. - 18:11(2021 Nov), pp. 3979-3989. [10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.1c00235]

Rationalizing the design of hyaluronic acid-decorated liposomes for targeting epidermal layers: a combination of molecular dynamics and experimental evidence

S. Franze'
Primo
;
F. Rama
Secondo
;
P. Rocco;F. Cilurzo
Ultimo
2021-11

Abstract

This work provides information on the features of low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA)-decorated liposomes to target resveratrol (RSV) in the skin. Deformable liposomes were made of soy-phosphatidylcholine with Tween 80 as the fluidizing agent. For HA conjugation, three different phosphoethanolamines were tested: 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DMPE), and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE). The different phosphoethanolamine-HA conjugates were inserted into the liposome bilayer by hydration (HA on both faces of the bilayer) or by the postinsertion method (HA only on the external face of the bilayer). The effect of these variables on deformability was experimentally assessed by an in-house method (K value, the lower the value, the higher the deformability) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results showed that the K values of HA-liposomes obtained by hydration were higher than the K values of HA-liposomes prepared by postinsertion, and both were at least 10-fold higher than the K values of the corresponding plain liposomes. The nature of the lipid anchor played a key role in deformability (DMPE > DOPE > DPPE) with high variability in the case of DOPE formulations. These data were justified by the trends found in silico for the bilayer bending modulus and the HA end-to-end distance. In addition to liposome flexibility, the HA extent seems to be the key factor governing the skin penetration of RSV. When the extent is higher, the amount of the drug retained in the skin is larger. Regarding skin permeation, a parabolic trend was recorded, and the optimal amount to favor skin permeation was an approximately 30 HA/phospholipid (μg/mmol) ratio. This study reports the first piece of evidence that it is possible to control drug delivery in the skin by tuning the amount of HA on the vesicle surface.
hyaluronic acid; liposomes; skin penetration; lipids; molecular design; skin pathologies;
Settore CHIM/09 - Farmaceutico Tecnologico Applicativo
27-set-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/885996
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