Among the various energy-based devices, ultrasonic shears are popular in thyroid surgeries. In this study, we tested the safety of Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ around the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in experimental swine models. METHODS: Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ were each tested in 4 piglets. Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ were activated at a 0- to 5-mm distance from the RLN. The function of the RLN was assessed using continuous electrophysiological monitoring. RESULTS: For Harmonic ACE, there was no adverse EMG event found when activated at 4- and 5-mm distances from the RLN. At a 2- to 3-mm distance, there were 4 adverse EMG events observed. In these 4 cases, adjacent tissue shrinkage occurred after 6 to 15 seconds of activation, and the RLN touched the Harmonic ACE. At a 1-mm distance, there were 2 adverse EMG events found after 25 seconds of activation. For Harmonic ACE+, there was no adverse EMG event observed when activated at 1- and 3-mm distances from the RLN. At a 0-mm distance, 2 adverse EMG events occurred after 6 to 10 seconds of activation. CONCLUSION: The safe distance of Harmonic ACE and ACE+ was 4 and 1 mm, respectively, in the swine models. Harmonic ACE+ is safer than Harmonic ACE because it did not cause any tissue shrinkage. Surgeons need to understand the characteristics of devices for safe operation.

Comparing the safety of harmonic ACE and ACE+ around the recurrent laryngeal nerve in swine models / H. Kyu Kim1, Y. Jun Chai, H. Yoon Lee, H. Yub Kim, G. Dionigi. - In: ANNALS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT AND RESEARCH. - ISSN 2288-6575. - 94:6(2018), pp. 285-290. [10.4174/astr.2018.94.6.285]

Comparing the safety of harmonic ACE and ACE+ around the recurrent laryngeal nerve in swine models

G. Dionigi
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Among the various energy-based devices, ultrasonic shears are popular in thyroid surgeries. In this study, we tested the safety of Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ around the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in experimental swine models. METHODS: Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ were each tested in 4 piglets. Harmonic ACE and Harmonic ACE+ were activated at a 0- to 5-mm distance from the RLN. The function of the RLN was assessed using continuous electrophysiological monitoring. RESULTS: For Harmonic ACE, there was no adverse EMG event found when activated at 4- and 5-mm distances from the RLN. At a 2- to 3-mm distance, there were 4 adverse EMG events observed. In these 4 cases, adjacent tissue shrinkage occurred after 6 to 15 seconds of activation, and the RLN touched the Harmonic ACE. At a 1-mm distance, there were 2 adverse EMG events found after 25 seconds of activation. For Harmonic ACE+, there was no adverse EMG event observed when activated at 1- and 3-mm distances from the RLN. At a 0-mm distance, 2 adverse EMG events occurred after 6 to 10 seconds of activation. CONCLUSION: The safe distance of Harmonic ACE and ACE+ was 4 and 1 mm, respectively, in the swine models. Harmonic ACE+ is safer than Harmonic ACE because it did not cause any tissue shrinkage. Surgeons need to understand the characteristics of devices for safe operation.
Neuromonitoring; Recurrent laryngeal nerve; Thyroid
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/885435
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