Purpose: The increasing use of intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery imposes an evaluation of cost-effectiveness. Methods: The analysis estimated the cost versus utility of different alternatives that simulate nerve injury course and the consequences for the following cohorts of patients: (1) no RLN injury, or vocal fold palsy (VCP) recovery within 1 month (2), 2 months (3), 6 months (4), and after 12 months (5). In the model applied, the average simulated cohort consisted of a young female patient, 40 years old, employed, daily voice user, who underwent elective, conventional total thyroidectomy via cervical incision using a standardized intermittent IONM technique, for an operable benign, bilateral, diffuse, multinodular, non-toxic, non-retrosternal goiter. Results: IONM was cost-ineffective when parameters such as the rates of transient vocal fold palsy (VCP) reached 38.5%. IONM was cost-effective if the rate of VCP was 33.6% at 1 month, 22.9% at 2 months, 9.8% at 6 months, and 3.8% at 12 months, independent of phono-surgery. The described scenario is cost-effective only in a high-volume setting. Conclusions: This study used simulation economic modeling to assess clinical and cost-effectiveness utility of IONM implementation. In light of the limitations of a simulation-based study, we conclusively assumed that IONM is cost-effective for permeant RLN injuries.

Analyzing cost-effectiveness of neural-monitoring in recurrent laryngeal nerve recovery course in thyroid surgery / T. Wang, H.Y. Kim, C.w. Wu, S. Rausei, H. Sun, F.P. Pergolizzi, G. Dionigi. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9159. - 48(2017), pp. 180-188. [10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.10.003]

Analyzing cost-effectiveness of neural-monitoring in recurrent laryngeal nerve recovery course in thyroid surgery

G. Dionigi
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Purpose: The increasing use of intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery imposes an evaluation of cost-effectiveness. Methods: The analysis estimated the cost versus utility of different alternatives that simulate nerve injury course and the consequences for the following cohorts of patients: (1) no RLN injury, or vocal fold palsy (VCP) recovery within 1 month (2), 2 months (3), 6 months (4), and after 12 months (5). In the model applied, the average simulated cohort consisted of a young female patient, 40 years old, employed, daily voice user, who underwent elective, conventional total thyroidectomy via cervical incision using a standardized intermittent IONM technique, for an operable benign, bilateral, diffuse, multinodular, non-toxic, non-retrosternal goiter. Results: IONM was cost-ineffective when parameters such as the rates of transient vocal fold palsy (VCP) reached 38.5%. IONM was cost-effective if the rate of VCP was 33.6% at 1 month, 22.9% at 2 months, 9.8% at 6 months, and 3.8% at 12 months, independent of phono-surgery. The described scenario is cost-effective only in a high-volume setting. Conclusions: This study used simulation economic modeling to assess clinical and cost-effectiveness utility of IONM implementation. In light of the limitations of a simulation-based study, we conclusively assumed that IONM is cost-effective for permeant RLN injuries.
Cost-effectiveness; IONM; Nerve injury; Neural monitoring; Thyroid surgery
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/884576
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