Background/Aim: To evaluate if retinal sensitivity values obtained with a dedicated (screening) device can be used to functionally identify early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Methods: A fully automatic fundus perimeter combined with an image-stabilized scanning laser ophthalmoscope was used in 200 ARMD patients (319 eyes) in 5 study sites. The age-matched control group consisted of 200 normals. Sensitivity point values (S values), mean retinal sensitivity, number of points below 24 dB (K value, cutoff for normal values) and fixation stability were recorded. Results: Of 319 eyes, 164 were classified as early (AREDS 2) and 155 as intermediate (AREDS 3) ARMD. Mean retinal sensitivity was significantly reduced in ARMD patients versus normals (p < 0.001). K values were different between normals and ARMD patients (p < 0.001). Fixation stability did not differ between early and intermediate ARMD patients. Conclusions: Macular sensitivity is reduced in patients with early and intermediate ARMD when compared to age-matched normals. These changes may be detected with a screening device.

Detection of macular function changes in early (AREDS 2) and intermediate (AREDS 3) age-related macular degeneration / S. Vujosevic, M.K. Smolek, K.A. Lebow, N. Notaroberto, A. Pallikaris, M. Casciano. - In: OPHTHALMOLOGICA. - ISSN 0030-3755. - 225:3(2011 Mar), pp. 155-160. [10.1159/000320340]

Detection of macular function changes in early (AREDS 2) and intermediate (AREDS 3) age-related macular degeneration

S. Vujosevic
Primo
;
2011

Abstract

Background/Aim: To evaluate if retinal sensitivity values obtained with a dedicated (screening) device can be used to functionally identify early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Methods: A fully automatic fundus perimeter combined with an image-stabilized scanning laser ophthalmoscope was used in 200 ARMD patients (319 eyes) in 5 study sites. The age-matched control group consisted of 200 normals. Sensitivity point values (S values), mean retinal sensitivity, number of points below 24 dB (K value, cutoff for normal values) and fixation stability were recorded. Results: Of 319 eyes, 164 were classified as early (AREDS 2) and 155 as intermediate (AREDS 3) ARMD. Mean retinal sensitivity was significantly reduced in ARMD patients versus normals (p < 0.001). K values were different between normals and ARMD patients (p < 0.001). Fixation stability did not differ between early and intermediate ARMD patients. Conclusions: Macular sensitivity is reduced in patients with early and intermediate ARMD when compared to age-matched normals. These changes may be detected with a screening device.
Age-related macular degeneration; Functional screening; Fundus perimeter; Retinal fixation; Retinal sensitivity; Visual function
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/884524
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