The interaction between wild and domestic ungulates may have positive or negative effects. Cattle grazing, for example can preserve open space and improve forage quality but also decrease forage availability and favor disease transmission. Consequently, multiple patterns of space use can be expected between wild ungulates and livestock. Here, we investigate the spatial overlap between red deer (Cervus elaphus) and cattle in alpine summer pastures in the Stelvio National Park (central Italian Alps), using pellet groups counts estimated with distance sampling for red deer and bovine scats estimated with strip transects. After accounting for environmental covariates, our results showed that with increasing bovine scat density, red deer pellet group density decreased. These results suggest that red deer may avoid bovines, though other mechanisms (e.g., human presence) may concur to trigger spatial avoidance. Understanding the drivers of the interactions between wildlife and livestock in Italian Alps would help conservation measures by enhancing coexistence on pastures.

Spatial avoidance between red deer and cattle in alpine pastures / A. Forti, M. Nava, A. Bortoloni, V. Sommei, C. Luzzago, L. Pedrotti, L. Corlatti. - In: HYSTRIX. - ISSN 0394-1914. - 32:2(2021), pp. 1-4. [10.4404/hystrix-00447-2021]

Spatial avoidance between red deer and cattle in alpine pastures

C. Luzzago;
2021

Abstract

The interaction between wild and domestic ungulates may have positive or negative effects. Cattle grazing, for example can preserve open space and improve forage quality but also decrease forage availability and favor disease transmission. Consequently, multiple patterns of space use can be expected between wild ungulates and livestock. Here, we investigate the spatial overlap between red deer (Cervus elaphus) and cattle in alpine summer pastures in the Stelvio National Park (central Italian Alps), using pellet groups counts estimated with distance sampling for red deer and bovine scats estimated with strip transects. After accounting for environmental covariates, our results showed that with increasing bovine scat density, red deer pellet group density decreased. These results suggest that red deer may avoid bovines, though other mechanisms (e.g., human presence) may concur to trigger spatial avoidance. Understanding the drivers of the interactions between wildlife and livestock in Italian Alps would help conservation measures by enhancing coexistence on pastures.
pastures; red deer; cattle; distance sampling; pellet group counting; avoidance
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
3-nov-2021
http://www.italian-journal-of-mammalogy.it/Spatial-avoidance-between-red-deer-and-cattle-in-alpine-pastures,143222,0,2.html
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Spatial avoidance between.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pre-print (manoscritto inviato all'editore)
Dimensione 1.08 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.08 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Spatial avoidance between-1.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 689.85 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
689.85 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/884462
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact