Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) are predisposed to developing myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD), with radiographs frequently used to screen for evidence of left-sided cardiomegaly secondary to MMVD. Vertebral heart size (VHS), vertebral left atrial size (VLAS), modified VLAS (M-VLAS), and radiographic left atrial dimension (RLAD) are reported as objective measurements of global heart size and left atrial size. Normal VHS in CKCS (10.6 +/- 0.5) is reportedly higher than the non-breed-specific value (9.7 +/- 0.5). Breed-specific VLAS, M-VLAS, and RLAD cut-offs have not been reported in CKCS. The aim of this prospective reference interval study was to describe the VHS, VLAS, M-VLAS, and RLAD values for 30 clinically healthy adult CKCS. Inclusion criteria were unremarkable physical examination, normal echocardiography, and thoracic radiographs without malposition/abnormalities. There were 22 female and eight male dogs. Ages ranged from 1 to 6 years. The VHS mean value in our sample was 10.08 +/- 0.56 (95% range, 9.87-10.29). This was significantly greater than a previously published general canine reference value of 9.7 +/- 0.5 and significantly less than a previously published CKCS breed-specific value of 10.6 +/- 0.5 (P < 0.01). Mean VLAS, M-VLAS, and the RLAD values in our study were 1.79 +/- 0.3 (95% range, 1.68-1.9), 2.23 +/- 0.44 (95% range, 2.06-2.39), and 1.2 +/- 0.34 (95% range, 1.07-1.33), respectively. These were significantly less than previously published reference interval values (P < 0.001). The VHS, M-VLAS, and the RLAD were not affected by sex, body weight, or BCS; whereas the VLAS was moderately affected by body weight. Findings from this study can be used as background for future thoracic radiographic assessments in CKCS.

Breed‐specific vertebral heart score, vertebral left atrial size, and radiographic left atrial dimension in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels: Reference interval study / M. Bagardi, C. Locatelli, M. Manfredi, J. Bassi, C. Spediacci, S. Ghilardi, D.D. Zani, P.G. Brambilla. - In: VETERINARY RADIOLOGY & ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1058-8183. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/vru.13036]

Breed‐specific vertebral heart score, vertebral left atrial size, and radiographic left atrial dimension in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels: Reference interval study

M. Bagardi
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
C. Locatelli
Co-primo
Conceptualization
;
M. Manfredi
Investigation
;
J. Bassi
Data Curation
;
C. Spediacci
Investigation
;
S. Ghilardi
Writing – Review & Editing
;
D.D. Zani
Penultimo
Supervision
;
P.G. Brambilla
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) are predisposed to developing myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD), with radiographs frequently used to screen for evidence of left-sided cardiomegaly secondary to MMVD. Vertebral heart size (VHS), vertebral left atrial size (VLAS), modified VLAS (M-VLAS), and radiographic left atrial dimension (RLAD) are reported as objective measurements of global heart size and left atrial size. Normal VHS in CKCS (10.6 +/- 0.5) is reportedly higher than the non-breed-specific value (9.7 +/- 0.5). Breed-specific VLAS, M-VLAS, and RLAD cut-offs have not been reported in CKCS. The aim of this prospective reference interval study was to describe the VHS, VLAS, M-VLAS, and RLAD values for 30 clinically healthy adult CKCS. Inclusion criteria were unremarkable physical examination, normal echocardiography, and thoracic radiographs without malposition/abnormalities. There were 22 female and eight male dogs. Ages ranged from 1 to 6 years. The VHS mean value in our sample was 10.08 +/- 0.56 (95% range, 9.87-10.29). This was significantly greater than a previously published general canine reference value of 9.7 +/- 0.5 and significantly less than a previously published CKCS breed-specific value of 10.6 +/- 0.5 (P < 0.01). Mean VLAS, M-VLAS, and the RLAD values in our study were 1.79 +/- 0.3 (95% range, 1.68-1.9), 2.23 +/- 0.44 (95% range, 2.06-2.39), and 1.2 +/- 0.34 (95% range, 1.07-1.33), respectively. These were significantly less than previously published reference interval values (P < 0.001). The VHS, M-VLAS, and the RLAD were not affected by sex, body weight, or BCS; whereas the VLAS was moderately affected by body weight. Findings from this study can be used as background for future thoracic radiographic assessments in CKCS.
breed-specific heart scale; Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; radiographic atrial measurements; vertebral heart scale
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
18-nov-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/884389
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