Vascular complications are a major cause of patient and graft loss after LTs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multimodal perioperative strategy aimed at reducing the incidence of vascular complications. A total of 126 first isolated LTs—performed between November 2008 and December 2015—were retrospectively analyzed. A minimum follow-up period of 24 months was analyzable for 124/126 patients (98.4%). The aggressive preemptive strategy consisted of identifying and immediately managing any problem and any abnormality in the vascular flow, in any of the hepatic vessels, and at any time after the liver graft revascularization. As a result, with a median follow-up of 57 months (3-112 months), not a single graft has been lost from vascular or biliary problems. The actuarial 8-year graft survival is 96.5%. These results have shown that a combination of technical attention, medical prevention, an early diagnosis, and rapid interventions reduced the negative impact of vascular problems on the outcome of both grafts and patients.

Aggressive prevention and preemptive management of vascular complications after pediatric liver transplantation : A major impact on graft survival and long-term outcome / C. Grimaldi, F. di Francesco, F. Chiusolo, R. Angelico, L. Monti, P. Muiesan, J. de Ville de Goyet. - In: PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1397-3142. - 22:8(2018), pp. e13288.1-e13288.9. [10.1111/petr.13288]

Aggressive prevention and preemptive management of vascular complications after pediatric liver transplantation : A major impact on graft survival and long-term outcome

P. Muiesan;
2018

Abstract

Vascular complications are a major cause of patient and graft loss after LTs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multimodal perioperative strategy aimed at reducing the incidence of vascular complications. A total of 126 first isolated LTs—performed between November 2008 and December 2015—were retrospectively analyzed. A minimum follow-up period of 24 months was analyzable for 124/126 patients (98.4%). The aggressive preemptive strategy consisted of identifying and immediately managing any problem and any abnormality in the vascular flow, in any of the hepatic vessels, and at any time after the liver graft revascularization. As a result, with a median follow-up of 57 months (3-112 months), not a single graft has been lost from vascular or biliary problems. The actuarial 8-year graft survival is 96.5%. These results have shown that a combination of technical attention, medical prevention, an early diagnosis, and rapid interventions reduced the negative impact of vascular problems on the outcome of both grafts and patients.
children; liver transplantation; outcome; techniques; vascular complications; Adolescent; Blood Coagulation; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Hepatic Artery; Humans; Immunosuppression; Incidence; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Portal Vein; Postoperative Complications; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; Ultrasonography, Doppler; Vascular Diseases; Vena Cava, Inferior; Graft Survival; Liver Transplantation
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/884048
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