The performances of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators are limited by instabilities or disturbances which lead to the transition of the superconducting material to the normal resistive state and the activation of the quench protection system to prevent damage to the magnet. To locate the position of the state transition, voltage taps or quench antenna are the most commonly used technologies for their reliability and accuracy. However, during the production phase of a magnet, the number of voltage taps is commonly reduced to simplify the construction process, and quench antennae are generally used only for dipoles or quadrupoles to limit the antenna design complexity. To increase the accuracy in the reconstruction of the quench event position, a novel method, suitable for magnets with independent superconducting coils and quench protected without the use of quench heaters is proposed in this paper. This method, based on standard magnetic measurement techniques for field harmonic analysis, can locate the position of the superconductor transition inside the magnet after the quench event when the magnet has been discharged. Analyzing the not allowed harmonics produced in the field quality at zero current, the position of the quenched coils can be retrieved for any magnet orders without increasing the complexity of the dedicated measurement technique.

Quench position reconstruction through harmonic field analysis in superconducting magnets / S. Mariotto, M. Sorbi. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. - ISSN 1051-8223. - (2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1088/1361-6668/ac39e8]

Quench position reconstruction through harmonic field analysis in superconducting magnets

S. Mariotto
Primo
;
M. Sorbi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The performances of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators are limited by instabilities or disturbances which lead to the transition of the superconducting material to the normal resistive state and the activation of the quench protection system to prevent damage to the magnet. To locate the position of the state transition, voltage taps or quench antenna are the most commonly used technologies for their reliability and accuracy. However, during the production phase of a magnet, the number of voltage taps is commonly reduced to simplify the construction process, and quench antennae are generally used only for dipoles or quadrupoles to limit the antenna design complexity. To increase the accuracy in the reconstruction of the quench event position, a novel method, suitable for magnets with independent superconducting coils and quench protected without the use of quench heaters is proposed in this paper. This method, based on standard magnetic measurement techniques for field harmonic analysis, can locate the position of the superconductor transition inside the magnet after the quench event when the magnet has been discharged. Analyzing the not allowed harmonics produced in the field quality at zero current, the position of the quenched coils can be retrieved for any magnet orders without increasing the complexity of the dedicated measurement technique.
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/883740
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