BACKGROUND: Non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) is a rare anatomical variant with a reported incidence of 0.6-1.3 %. It carries a higher risk of palsy during thyroid surgery. Its detection is mandatory in order to avoid such complication. METHODS: Systematic intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) was carried out for 806 consecutive nerve at risk (NAR) patients in two centers (Lille and Varese). In 402 patients surgery to the right side was performed with IONM. The IONM of the inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) was conducted as recommended by international guidelines (V1/R1/V2/R2). RESULTS: A NRLN was detected in 11 of 402 NAR (2.7 %). In the first center (Lille) the incidence of NRLN was 6.0 % (7/117). No loss of signal (LOS) was reported in this group of patients. Postoperative laryngoscopy was normal in all patients with NRLN. CONCLUSIONS: The true incidence of NRLN may be higher than expected. Neurophysiology helps the surgeon to better understand the anatomy and function of nervous structures. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is a useful tool that should be systematically implemented in thyroid surgery to better understand the anatomy and physiology of the inferior laryngeal nerve. Its use may allow the surgeon to decrease the incidence of nerve palsy especially in case of NRLN. The IONM adjunct does not add significantly to the costs for thyroid surgery.

Increased detection of non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) during thyroid surgery using systematic intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) / G. Donatini, B. Carnaille, G. Dionigi. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 0364-2313. - 37:1(2013), pp. 91-93. [10.1007/s00268-012-1782-y]

Increased detection of non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) during thyroid surgery using systematic intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM)

G. Dionigi
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) is a rare anatomical variant with a reported incidence of 0.6-1.3 %. It carries a higher risk of palsy during thyroid surgery. Its detection is mandatory in order to avoid such complication. METHODS: Systematic intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) was carried out for 806 consecutive nerve at risk (NAR) patients in two centers (Lille and Varese). In 402 patients surgery to the right side was performed with IONM. The IONM of the inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) was conducted as recommended by international guidelines (V1/R1/V2/R2). RESULTS: A NRLN was detected in 11 of 402 NAR (2.7 %). In the first center (Lille) the incidence of NRLN was 6.0 % (7/117). No loss of signal (LOS) was reported in this group of patients. Postoperative laryngoscopy was normal in all patients with NRLN. CONCLUSIONS: The true incidence of NRLN may be higher than expected. Neurophysiology helps the surgeon to better understand the anatomy and function of nervous structures. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is a useful tool that should be systematically implemented in thyroid surgery to better understand the anatomy and physiology of the inferior laryngeal nerve. Its use may allow the surgeon to decrease the incidence of nerve palsy especially in case of NRLN. The IONM adjunct does not add significantly to the costs for thyroid surgery.
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10.1007-s00268-012-1782-y.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 135.13 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
135.13 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/881274
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 15
  • Scopus 35
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact