Purpose: To evaluate with color fundus autofluorescence (FAF) different lesion compo- nents of macular neovascularization (MNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to assess its activity. Methods: In total, 137 eyes (102 patients) with MNV underwent a complete eye exami- nation, including color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography, and confocal color FAF, with an excitation wavelength at 450 nm. Each image was imported into a custom-image analysis software for quantitative estimation of emission wavelength and green and red emission fluorescence (GEFC/REFC) intensity, considering both single components of neovascular AMD and different MNV types (type 1 and type 2 MNV, active and inactive MNV). Results: Subretinal fluid (SRF) had significantly higher values of GEFC (P = 0.008 and P = 0.0004) and REFC intensity (P = 0.005 and P = 0.0003) versus fibrosis and atrophy. The emission wavelength from SRF was lower compared to atrophy (P = 0.024) but not to fibrosis (P = 0.46). No significant differences were detected between type 1 and 2 MNV. Considering active versus inactive MNVs, a difference was detected for all evalu- ated parameters (P < 0.001). Mean FAF wavelength of both MNV with SRF and intrareti- nal fluid (IRF) was lower versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001 and P = 0.005). MNV with SRF (P < 0.001) had higher values of GEFC and REFC versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001). MNV with IRF had higher values of GEFC versus inactive MNV (P = 0.05). Conclusions: Quantitative color FAF can differentiate active versus inactive MNV, whereas no differences were found between type 1 and type 2 MNV. If these data can be further confirmed, color FAF may be useful for automatic detection of active MNV in AMD and as a guide for treatment. Translational Relevance: Automatic quantitative evaluation of green and red emission components of FAF in AMD can help determine the activity of MNV and guide the treatment.

Color fundus autofluorescence to determine activity of macular neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration / S. Vujosevic, C. Toma, V. Sarao, D. Veritti, M. Brambilla, A. Muraca, S. De Cilla’, E. Villani, P. Nucci, P. Lanzetta. - In: TRANSLATIONAL VISION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2164-2591. - 10:2(2021 Feb), pp. 1-10. [10.1167/tvst.10.2.33]

Color fundus autofluorescence to determine activity of macular neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration.

S. Vujosevic
Primo
;
E. Villani;P. Nucci
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate with color fundus autofluorescence (FAF) different lesion compo- nents of macular neovascularization (MNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to assess its activity. Methods: In total, 137 eyes (102 patients) with MNV underwent a complete eye exami- nation, including color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography, and confocal color FAF, with an excitation wavelength at 450 nm. Each image was imported into a custom-image analysis software for quantitative estimation of emission wavelength and green and red emission fluorescence (GEFC/REFC) intensity, considering both single components of neovascular AMD and different MNV types (type 1 and type 2 MNV, active and inactive MNV). Results: Subretinal fluid (SRF) had significantly higher values of GEFC (P = 0.008 and P = 0.0004) and REFC intensity (P = 0.005 and P = 0.0003) versus fibrosis and atrophy. The emission wavelength from SRF was lower compared to atrophy (P = 0.024) but not to fibrosis (P = 0.46). No significant differences were detected between type 1 and 2 MNV. Considering active versus inactive MNVs, a difference was detected for all evalu- ated parameters (P < 0.001). Mean FAF wavelength of both MNV with SRF and intrareti- nal fluid (IRF) was lower versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001 and P = 0.005). MNV with SRF (P < 0.001) had higher values of GEFC and REFC versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001). MNV with IRF had higher values of GEFC versus inactive MNV (P = 0.05). Conclusions: Quantitative color FAF can differentiate active versus inactive MNV, whereas no differences were found between type 1 and type 2 MNV. If these data can be further confirmed, color FAF may be useful for automatic detection of active MNV in AMD and as a guide for treatment. Translational Relevance: Automatic quantitative evaluation of green and red emission components of FAF in AMD can help determine the activity of MNV and guide the treatment.
color fundus autofluorescence; age-related macular degeneration; macular neovascularization; disease activity; fluorophores;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/880842
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