Simple Summary Tumor stroma is known to significantly influence cancer initiation and progression. In the last decade, 3D cell cultures have shown potential in modeling the tumor microenvironment. This review summarizes the main features of current 3D models, shedding light on their importance in the study of cancer biology and treatment. It is now well established that the tumor microenvironment plays a key role in determining cancer growth, metastasis and drug resistance. Thus, it is fundamental to understand how cancer cells interact and communicate with their stroma and how this crosstalk regulates disease initiation and progression. In this setting, 3D cell cultures have gained a lot of interest in the last two decades, due to their ability to better recapitulate the complexity of tumor microenvironment and therefore to bridge the gap between 2D monolayers and animal models. Herein, we present an overview of the 3D systems commonly used for studying tumor-stroma interactions, with a focus on recent advances in cancer modeling and drug discovery and testing.

In vitro 3D cultures to model the tumor microenvironment / F. Fontana, M. Marzagalli, M. Sommariva, N. Gagliano, P. Limonta. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:12(2021 Jun), pp. 2970.1-2970.16. [10.3390/cancers13122970]

In vitro 3D cultures to model the tumor microenvironment

F. Fontana
Primo
;
M. Marzagalli
Secondo
;
M. Sommariva;N. Gagliano
Penultimo
;
P. Limonta
Ultimo
2021-06

Abstract

Simple Summary Tumor stroma is known to significantly influence cancer initiation and progression. In the last decade, 3D cell cultures have shown potential in modeling the tumor microenvironment. This review summarizes the main features of current 3D models, shedding light on their importance in the study of cancer biology and treatment. It is now well established that the tumor microenvironment plays a key role in determining cancer growth, metastasis and drug resistance. Thus, it is fundamental to understand how cancer cells interact and communicate with their stroma and how this crosstalk regulates disease initiation and progression. In this setting, 3D cell cultures have gained a lot of interest in the last two decades, due to their ability to better recapitulate the complexity of tumor microenvironment and therefore to bridge the gap between 2D monolayers and animal models. Herein, we present an overview of the 3D systems commonly used for studying tumor-stroma interactions, with a focus on recent advances in cancer modeling and drug discovery and testing.
cell culture; in vitro; 3D; tumor microenvironment; stroma; extracellular matrix; angiogenesis; fibroblasts; immune system; cancer therapy;
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
DECC18ACORS_01 - Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di SCIENZE FARMACOLOGICHE E BIOMOLECOLARI - CORSINI, ALBERTO - DECC - Bando Dipartimenti di Eccellenza - 2018
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
cancers-13-02970.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.06 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.06 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/879719
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact