Background: In remote thyroid surgery, a reliable intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) procedure is an important tool for reducing injury to recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). This study proposes an alternative or adjunct technique for performing full percutaneous (PC) IONM and confirms its feasibility in animal experiments. Methods: This prospective porcine model study enrolled four piglets with eight nerve sides. Evoked electromyography (EMG) was stimulated from PC ball-tip probe, and recorded from EMG endotracheal tube (ETT) and from PC paired long-needle electrodes on the perichondrium of the lateral aspect of thyroid cartilage. Results: In all RLNs and vagus nerves, typical laryngeal EMG waveforms were successfully evoked by PC probe stimulation and recorded by both ETT and PC needle electrodes. Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility of the full PC IONM techniques in porcine model. However, further clinical studies are needed to compare the practicality of different remote-access approaches for thyroid surgery.

Full percutaneous intraoperative neuromonitoring technique in remote thyroid surgery : Porcine model feasibility study / T. Huang, Y. Lin, H. Tseng, H.Y. Kim, G. Dionigi, I. Lu, P. Chang, F. Chiang, C. Wu. - In: HEAD & NECK. - ISSN 1043-3074. - 43:2(2021 Feb), pp. 505-513. [10.1002/hed.26500]

Full percutaneous intraoperative neuromonitoring technique in remote thyroid surgery : Porcine model feasibility study

G. Dionigi;
2021

Abstract

Background: In remote thyroid surgery, a reliable intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) procedure is an important tool for reducing injury to recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). This study proposes an alternative or adjunct technique for performing full percutaneous (PC) IONM and confirms its feasibility in animal experiments. Methods: This prospective porcine model study enrolled four piglets with eight nerve sides. Evoked electromyography (EMG) was stimulated from PC ball-tip probe, and recorded from EMG endotracheal tube (ETT) and from PC paired long-needle electrodes on the perichondrium of the lateral aspect of thyroid cartilage. Results: In all RLNs and vagus nerves, typical laryngeal EMG waveforms were successfully evoked by PC probe stimulation and recorded by both ETT and PC needle electrodes. Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility of the full PC IONM techniques in porcine model. However, further clinical studies are needed to compare the practicality of different remote-access approaches for thyroid surgery.
full percutaneous approach; intraoperative neuromonitoring; long-needle electrodes; porcine model; remote thyroidectomy.
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
7-ott-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/879412
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