Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural variations of the hyporeflective pocket of fluid (prechoroidal cleft) located between Bruch’s membrane and the hyperreflective material within the pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Methods: In this retrospective, observational case series study, patients diagnosed with nAMD and prechoroidal cleft associated with other activity signs of the macular neovascularization (MNV) were included. Structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were evaluated to obtain anatomical measurements of prechoroidal cleft and PED at three different visits (T0, inactive MNV; T1, active MNV; T2, treated inactive MNV). The variations in size of the cleft and the PED were correlated with nAMD activity. Results: Twenty-nine eyes from 27 patients were included. The subfoveal measurements showed a significant increase of prechoroidal cleft height and width from T0 to T1 (P < 0.05) and a subsequent decrease of the cleft height after treatment with anti-VEGF agents (P = 0.004). A similar significant trend was observed for the greatest prechoroidal cleft height and width, obtained assessing the whole OCT raster. In the multivariate analysis, the cleft height was significantly affected by both time (P = 0.001) and PED height (P < 0.0001). By contrast, the effect of fibrovascular tissue size within the PED was not significant. Visual acuity did not correlate with prechoroidal cleft size. Conclusion: Prechoroidal cleft increased in association with MNV reactivation and decreased after treatment. Our results suggest that prechoroidal cleft could represent an accumulation of fluid actively exudating from the MNV and should be considered a sign of nAMD activity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Prechoroidal cleft thickness correlates with disease activity in neovascular age-related macular degeneration / M. Cozzi, D. Monteduro, S. Parrulli, F. Ristoldo, F. Corvi, F. Zicarelli, G. Staurenghi, A. Invernizzi. - In: GRAEFE'S ARCHIVE FOR CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0721-832X. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00417-021-05384-w]

Prechoroidal cleft thickness correlates with disease activity in neovascular age-related macular degeneration

M. Cozzi;G. Staurenghi;A. Invernizzi
2021

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural variations of the hyporeflective pocket of fluid (prechoroidal cleft) located between Bruch’s membrane and the hyperreflective material within the pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Methods: In this retrospective, observational case series study, patients diagnosed with nAMD and prechoroidal cleft associated with other activity signs of the macular neovascularization (MNV) were included. Structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were evaluated to obtain anatomical measurements of prechoroidal cleft and PED at three different visits (T0, inactive MNV; T1, active MNV; T2, treated inactive MNV). The variations in size of the cleft and the PED were correlated with nAMD activity. Results: Twenty-nine eyes from 27 patients were included. The subfoveal measurements showed a significant increase of prechoroidal cleft height and width from T0 to T1 (P < 0.05) and a subsequent decrease of the cleft height after treatment with anti-VEGF agents (P = 0.004). A similar significant trend was observed for the greatest prechoroidal cleft height and width, obtained assessing the whole OCT raster. In the multivariate analysis, the cleft height was significantly affected by both time (P = 0.001) and PED height (P < 0.0001). By contrast, the effect of fibrovascular tissue size within the PED was not significant. Visual acuity did not correlate with prechoroidal cleft size. Conclusion: Prechoroidal cleft increased in association with MNV reactivation and decreased after treatment. Our results suggest that prechoroidal cleft could represent an accumulation of fluid actively exudating from the MNV and should be considered a sign of nAMD activity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Exudation; Macular neovascularization; Neovascular age-related macular degeneration; Optical coherence tomography; Pigment epithelial detachment; Prechoroidal cleft
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
7-set-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/878852
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