Purpose: Symptom recurrence after initial surgical management of esophageal achalasia occurs in 10–25% of patients. The aim of this study was to analyze safety and efficacy of revisional therapy after failed Heller myotomy (HM). Methods: A retrospective review of a prospective database was performed searching for patients with recurrent symptoms after primary surgical therapy for achalasia. Patients with previously failed HM were considered for the final analysis. The Foregut questionnaire, and the Atkinson and Eckardt scales were used to assess severity of symptoms. Objective investigations routinely included upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium swallow study. Redo treatments consisted of endoscopic pneumatic dilation (PD), laparoscopic HM, hybrid Ivor Lewis esophagectomy, or stapled cardioplasty. A yearly clinical and endoscopic follow-up was scheduled in all patients. Results: Over a 20-year period, 26 patients with a median age of 66 years (IQR 19.5) underwent revisional therapy after failed HM for achalasia at a tertiary-care university hospital. The median time after index procedure was 10 years (IQR 21). Revisional therapy consisted of endoscopic pneumatic dilation (n=13), laparoscopic HM and fundoplication (n=10), esophagectomy (n=2), and stapled cardioplasty and fundoplication (n=1). Nine (34.6%) of these patients required further endoscopic or surgical treatments. There was no mortality, and the overall complication rate was 7.7%. At a median follow-up of 42 months (range 10–149), a significant decrease of dysphagia, regurgitation, chest pain, respiratory symptoms, and median Eckardt score (p<0.05) was noted. Conclusion: In specialized and multidisciplinary centers, revisional therapy for achalasia is feasible, safe, and effective.

Revisional Therapy for Recurrent Symptoms After Heller Myotomy for Achalasia / P. Milito, S. Siboni, A. Lovece, E. Andreatta, E. Asti, L. Bonavina. - In: JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1091-255X. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s11605-021-05098-8]

Revisional Therapy for Recurrent Symptoms After Heller Myotomy for Achalasia

P. Milito;E. Andreatta;E. Asti;L. Bonavina
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Symptom recurrence after initial surgical management of esophageal achalasia occurs in 10–25% of patients. The aim of this study was to analyze safety and efficacy of revisional therapy after failed Heller myotomy (HM). Methods: A retrospective review of a prospective database was performed searching for patients with recurrent symptoms after primary surgical therapy for achalasia. Patients with previously failed HM were considered for the final analysis. The Foregut questionnaire, and the Atkinson and Eckardt scales were used to assess severity of symptoms. Objective investigations routinely included upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium swallow study. Redo treatments consisted of endoscopic pneumatic dilation (PD), laparoscopic HM, hybrid Ivor Lewis esophagectomy, or stapled cardioplasty. A yearly clinical and endoscopic follow-up was scheduled in all patients. Results: Over a 20-year period, 26 patients with a median age of 66 years (IQR 19.5) underwent revisional therapy after failed HM for achalasia at a tertiary-care university hospital. The median time after index procedure was 10 years (IQR 21). Revisional therapy consisted of endoscopic pneumatic dilation (n=13), laparoscopic HM and fundoplication (n=10), esophagectomy (n=2), and stapled cardioplasty and fundoplication (n=1). Nine (34.6%) of these patients required further endoscopic or surgical treatments. There was no mortality, and the overall complication rate was 7.7%. At a median follow-up of 42 months (range 10–149), a significant decrease of dysphagia, regurgitation, chest pain, respiratory symptoms, and median Eckardt score (p<0.05) was noted. Conclusion: In specialized and multidisciplinary centers, revisional therapy for achalasia is feasible, safe, and effective.
Achalasia; Heller myotomy; Pneumatic dilation; Recurrent achalasia
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
2-ago-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/878835
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