Introduction A cervical scar has been shown to have an impact on the quality of life of children undergoing thyroid surgery. Transoral endoscopic vestibular thyroidectomy via the vestibular approach (TOETVA) offers the absence of a cutaneous incision, and has not been described to date in the pediatric population. Objective To describe the first series of TOETVA in a pediatric population. Patients and methods A retrospective, multicenter study, including all patients > 18 years old who underwent TOETVA. Data was prospectively collected and included demographics, preoperative ultrasound, cytology and indications for surgery. Intraoperative parameters included length of surgery and complications, with final pathology and postoperative course also reviewed. TOETVA surgical success was defined as completion of surgery via this approach. Results Forty-eight children were included. Of these, 43 (89.5%) were girls. The median age was 16 years (range 10-17). The most common indication for surgery was a benign thyroid nodule (n = 26, 54.1%). Eleven patients (22.9%) had papillary thyroid carcinoma on final pathology, of which 90.9% (10/11) were diagnosed pre-operatively based on FNA cytology. Hemithyroidectomy was performed in 36 patients (75%). All surgeries were completed endoscopically. The mean malignant tumor size was 1.4 +/- 0.4 cm and all tumors were completely excised with clean margins. No permanent complications were documented. A single patient (2.1%) had transient RLN injury (1.6%, 1/60 nerves at risk). Transient hypocalcemia was documented in 4 of the 12 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (33.3%). Transient mental nerve injury/chin hypoesthesia was documented in 2 patients (4.2%). Conclusions TOETVA appears to be a feasible and safe approach for thyroidectomy in the pediatric population in carefully selected cases, and may be discussed with patients and parents as an alternative for the trans-cervical approach.

Trans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) for the pediatric population : a multicenter, large case series / O. Cohen, R.P. Tufano, A. Anuwong, J.O. Russell, N. Assadi, G. Dionigi, H.Y. Kim, A. Bertelli, A. Khafif. - In: SURGICAL ENDOSCOPY. - ISSN 0930-2794. - (2021 May 24). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00464-021-08537-4]

Trans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) for the pediatric population : a multicenter, large case series

G. Dionigi;
2021

Abstract

Introduction A cervical scar has been shown to have an impact on the quality of life of children undergoing thyroid surgery. Transoral endoscopic vestibular thyroidectomy via the vestibular approach (TOETVA) offers the absence of a cutaneous incision, and has not been described to date in the pediatric population. Objective To describe the first series of TOETVA in a pediatric population. Patients and methods A retrospective, multicenter study, including all patients > 18 years old who underwent TOETVA. Data was prospectively collected and included demographics, preoperative ultrasound, cytology and indications for surgery. Intraoperative parameters included length of surgery and complications, with final pathology and postoperative course also reviewed. TOETVA surgical success was defined as completion of surgery via this approach. Results Forty-eight children were included. Of these, 43 (89.5%) were girls. The median age was 16 years (range 10-17). The most common indication for surgery was a benign thyroid nodule (n = 26, 54.1%). Eleven patients (22.9%) had papillary thyroid carcinoma on final pathology, of which 90.9% (10/11) were diagnosed pre-operatively based on FNA cytology. Hemithyroidectomy was performed in 36 patients (75%). All surgeries were completed endoscopically. The mean malignant tumor size was 1.4 +/- 0.4 cm and all tumors were completely excised with clean margins. No permanent complications were documented. A single patient (2.1%) had transient RLN injury (1.6%, 1/60 nerves at risk). Transient hypocalcemia was documented in 4 of the 12 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (33.3%). Transient mental nerve injury/chin hypoesthesia was documented in 2 patients (4.2%). Conclusions TOETVA appears to be a feasible and safe approach for thyroidectomy in the pediatric population in carefully selected cases, and may be discussed with patients and parents as an alternative for the trans-cervical approach.
TOETVA; pediatric thyroidectomy; scarless thyroid; thyroidectomy; transoral thyroidectomy; vestibular approach
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/878527
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