Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is the most frequent primary glomerular disease in children, displaying high grade proteinuria and oedema. The mainstay of therapy are steroids, and patients are usually classified according to the treatment response (sensitive vs. resistant). The mechanisms involved in INS pathogenesis and treatment responsiveness have not yet been identified. In this context, the analysis of urinary extracellular vesicles (UEv) is interesting, since they represent a molecular snapshot of the parental cells, offering a “fingerprint” for monitoring their status. Therefore, the aim of this study is to verify the feasibility of using UEv of INS patients as indicators of therapy response and its prediction. UEv were isolated from the urine of pediatric patients in remission after therapy; they showed characteristic electrophoresis profiles that matched specific patient subgroups. We then built a statistical model to interpret objectively each patient UEv protein profile: in particular, steroid-resistant patients cluster together with a very distinct pattern from other INS patients and controls. In conclusion, the evaluation of the UEv protein profile looks promising in the investigation of INS, showing a disease signature that might predict clinical evolution.

Urinary extracellular vesicle protein profiles discriminate different clinical subgroups of children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome / L. Santorelli, W. Morello, E. Barigazzi, G. Capitoli, C. Tamburello, L. Ghio, B. Crapella, S. Galimberti, G. Montini, M. Pitto, F. Raimondo. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:3(2021 Mar 06), pp. 456.1-456.11. [10.3390/diagnostics11030456]

Urinary extracellular vesicle protein profiles discriminate different clinical subgroups of children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome

G. Montini;
2021

Abstract

Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is the most frequent primary glomerular disease in children, displaying high grade proteinuria and oedema. The mainstay of therapy are steroids, and patients are usually classified according to the treatment response (sensitive vs. resistant). The mechanisms involved in INS pathogenesis and treatment responsiveness have not yet been identified. In this context, the analysis of urinary extracellular vesicles (UEv) is interesting, since they represent a molecular snapshot of the parental cells, offering a “fingerprint” for monitoring their status. Therefore, the aim of this study is to verify the feasibility of using UEv of INS patients as indicators of therapy response and its prediction. UEv were isolated from the urine of pediatric patients in remission after therapy; they showed characteristic electrophoresis profiles that matched specific patient subgroups. We then built a statistical model to interpret objectively each patient UEv protein profile: in particular, steroid-resistant patients cluster together with a very distinct pattern from other INS patients and controls. In conclusion, the evaluation of the UEv protein profile looks promising in the investigation of INS, showing a disease signature that might predict clinical evolution.
Children; Extracellular vesicle; Idiopatic Nephrotic Syndrome; Liquid biopsy; Protein profile
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/878170
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