The use of transcartilage (TC) intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) in a pediatric population has not been reported. This study evaluated the feasibility and the benefit of using TC-IONM for thyroid cancer surgery in a pediatric population. This retrospective single-center study enrolled 33 pediatric patients who had received an IONM-assisted thyroidectomy. Demographic characteristics, standardized IONM laryngeal examinations and stimulation information (L1-V1-R1-R2-V2-L2) were compared between endotracheal tube (ET) and TC methods. In the 15 cancer patients (30 nerves), TC-IONM provided significant higher electromyography (EMG) amplitude (p < 0.001), signal stability (lower V1/V2 signal correlation, r = 0.955 vs. r = 0.484, p = 0.004), signal quality (higher ratio of V1 or V2 amplitude <500µV, 0.0% vs. 43.8%, p = 0.005) and lower R1-R2p change (7.1% vs. 37.5%, p = 0.049) compared to ET-IONM. In the 18 benign patients (28 nerves), TCIONM provided significantly higher EMG amplitude (p < 0.001), signal stability (r = 0.945 vs. r = 0.746, p = 0.0324) and non-significant higher signal quality and R1-R2p change. This report is the first to discuss the use of TC-IONM in pediatric thyroid surgery. In contrast with ET-IONM, TCIONM had superior amplitude, stability and quality of EMG signals, which greatly facilitates the meticulous recurrent laryngeal nerve dissection in pediatric thyroidectomies. The TC-IONM method can be considered a feasible, effective and preferable method of monitored thyroidectomy in pediatric thyroid cancer.

Laryngeal neural monitoring during pediatric thyroid cancer surgery—is transcartilage recording a preferable method? / T.Y. Huang, H.Y. Kim, G. Dionigi, I.C. Lu, P.Y. Chang, F.Y. Chiang, Y.C. Lin, H.Y. Tseng, C.H. Liu, C.W. Wu. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:16(2021), pp. 4051.1-4051.12. [10.3390/cancers13164051]

Laryngeal neural monitoring during pediatric thyroid cancer surgery—is transcartilage recording a preferable method?

G. Dionigi;
2021

Abstract

The use of transcartilage (TC) intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) in a pediatric population has not been reported. This study evaluated the feasibility and the benefit of using TC-IONM for thyroid cancer surgery in a pediatric population. This retrospective single-center study enrolled 33 pediatric patients who had received an IONM-assisted thyroidectomy. Demographic characteristics, standardized IONM laryngeal examinations and stimulation information (L1-V1-R1-R2-V2-L2) were compared between endotracheal tube (ET) and TC methods. In the 15 cancer patients (30 nerves), TC-IONM provided significant higher electromyography (EMG) amplitude (p < 0.001), signal stability (lower V1/V2 signal correlation, r = 0.955 vs. r = 0.484, p = 0.004), signal quality (higher ratio of V1 or V2 amplitude <500µV, 0.0% vs. 43.8%, p = 0.005) and lower R1-R2p change (7.1% vs. 37.5%, p = 0.049) compared to ET-IONM. In the 18 benign patients (28 nerves), TCIONM provided significantly higher EMG amplitude (p < 0.001), signal stability (r = 0.945 vs. r = 0.746, p = 0.0324) and non-significant higher signal quality and R1-R2p change. This report is the first to discuss the use of TC-IONM in pediatric thyroid surgery. In contrast with ET-IONM, TCIONM had superior amplitude, stability and quality of EMG signals, which greatly facilitates the meticulous recurrent laryngeal nerve dissection in pediatric thyroidectomies. The TC-IONM method can be considered a feasible, effective and preferable method of monitored thyroidectomy in pediatric thyroid cancer.
Endotracheal tube neuromonitoring; Intraoperative neuromonitoring; Pediatric thyroid cancer; Pediatric thyroid surgery; Transcartilage neuromonitoring
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/878033
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