The huntingtin (HTT) protein transports various organelles, including vesicles containing neurotrophic factors, from embryonic development throughout life. To better understand how HTT mediates axonal transport and why this function is disrupted in Huntington's disease (HD), we study vesicle-associated HTT and find that it is dimethylated at a highly conserved arginine residue (R118) by the protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6). Without R118 methylation, HTT associates less with vesicles, anterograde trafficking is diminished, and neuronal death ensues—very similar to what occurs in HD. Inhibiting PRMT6 in HD cells and neurons exacerbates mutant HTT (mHTT) toxicity and impairs axonal trafficking, whereas overexpressing PRMT6 restores axonal transport and neuronal viability, except in the presence of a methylation-defective variant of mHTT. In HD flies, overexpressing PRMT6 rescues axonal defects and eclosion. Arginine methylation thus regulates HTT-mediated vesicular transport along the axon, and increasing HTT methylation could be of therapeutic interest for HD.

Huntingtin-mediated axonal transport requires arginine methylation by PRMT6 / A. Migazzi, C. Scaramuzzino, E.N. Anderson, D. Tripathy, I.H. Hernandez, R.A. Grant, M. Roccuzzo, L. Tosatto, A. Virlogeux, C. Zuccato, A. Caricasole, T. Ratovitski, C.A. Ross, U.B. Pandey, J.J. Lucas, F. Saudou, M. Pennuto, M. Basso. - In: CELL REPORTS. - ISSN 2211-1247. - 35:2(2021), pp. 108980.1-108980.15. [10.1016/j.celrep.2021.108980]

Huntingtin-mediated axonal transport requires arginine methylation by PRMT6

C. Zuccato;
2021

Abstract

The huntingtin (HTT) protein transports various organelles, including vesicles containing neurotrophic factors, from embryonic development throughout life. To better understand how HTT mediates axonal transport and why this function is disrupted in Huntington's disease (HD), we study vesicle-associated HTT and find that it is dimethylated at a highly conserved arginine residue (R118) by the protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6). Without R118 methylation, HTT associates less with vesicles, anterograde trafficking is diminished, and neuronal death ensues—very similar to what occurs in HD. Inhibiting PRMT6 in HD cells and neurons exacerbates mutant HTT (mHTT) toxicity and impairs axonal trafficking, whereas overexpressing PRMT6 restores axonal transport and neuronal viability, except in the presence of a methylation-defective variant of mHTT. In HD flies, overexpressing PRMT6 rescues axonal defects and eclosion. Arginine methylation thus regulates HTT-mediated vesicular transport along the axon, and increasing HTT methylation could be of therapeutic interest for HD.
arginine methylation; axonal transport; huntingtin; Huntington's disease; neurodegenerative diseases; neuronal death; PRMT2; PRMT6; protein arginine methyltransfearases; protein post-translational modification
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/877452
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