Purpose: Severe cases of coronavirus disease 2019 develop ARDS requiring admission to the ICU. This study aimed to investigate the ultrasound characteristics of respiratory and peripheral muscles of patients affected by COVID19 who require mechanical ventilation. Materials and methods: This is a prospective observational study. We performed muscle ultrasound at the admission of ICU in 32 intubated patients with ARDS COVID19. The ultrasound was comprehensive of thickness and echogenicity of both parasternal intercostal and diaphragm muscles, and cross-sectional area and echogenicity of the rectus femoris. Results: Patients who survived showed a significantly lower echogenicity score as compared with those who did not survive for both parasternal intercostal muscles. Similarly, the diaphragmatic echogenicity was significantly different between alive or dead patients. There was a significant correlation between right parasternal intercostal or diaphragm echogenicity and the cumulative fluid balance and urine protein output. Similar results were detected for rectus femoris echogenicity. Conclusions: The early changes detected by echogenicity ultrasound suggest a potential benefit of proactive early therapies designed to preserve respiratory and peripheral muscle architecture to reduce days on MV, although what constitutes a clinically significant change in muscle echogenicity remains unknown.

Respiratory and peripheral muscular ultrasound characteristics in ICU COVID 19 ARDS patients / P. Formenti, M. Umbrello, V. Castagna, S. Cenci, F. Bichi, T. Pozzi, M. Bonifazi, S. Coppola, D. Chiumello. - In: JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE. - ISSN 0883-9441. - 67(2022 Feb), pp. 14-20. [10.1016/j.jcrc.2021.09.007]

Respiratory and peripheral muscular ultrasound characteristics in ICU COVID 19 ARDS patients

P. Formenti
Primo
;
M. Umbrello
Secondo
;
V. Castagna;S. Cenci;F. Bichi;T. Pozzi;M. Bonifazi;S. Coppola
Penultimo
;
D. Chiumello
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Severe cases of coronavirus disease 2019 develop ARDS requiring admission to the ICU. This study aimed to investigate the ultrasound characteristics of respiratory and peripheral muscles of patients affected by COVID19 who require mechanical ventilation. Materials and methods: This is a prospective observational study. We performed muscle ultrasound at the admission of ICU in 32 intubated patients with ARDS COVID19. The ultrasound was comprehensive of thickness and echogenicity of both parasternal intercostal and diaphragm muscles, and cross-sectional area and echogenicity of the rectus femoris. Results: Patients who survived showed a significantly lower echogenicity score as compared with those who did not survive for both parasternal intercostal muscles. Similarly, the diaphragmatic echogenicity was significantly different between alive or dead patients. There was a significant correlation between right parasternal intercostal or diaphragm echogenicity and the cumulative fluid balance and urine protein output. Similar results were detected for rectus femoris echogenicity. Conclusions: The early changes detected by echogenicity ultrasound suggest a potential benefit of proactive early therapies designed to preserve respiratory and peripheral muscle architecture to reduce days on MV, although what constitutes a clinically significant change in muscle echogenicity remains unknown.
ARDS; Covid19; Grayscale analysis; Muscular ultrasound
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/877446
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