GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE KINASE3 (GSK3)/SHAGGY-like kinase BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 2 (BIN2) phosphorylates both the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling module(5,6) and its downstream target, the transcription factor SPEECHLESS (SPCH) 7, to promote and restrict ACDs, respectively, in the same stomatal lineage cell. However, the mechanisms that balance these mutually exclusive activities remain unclear. Here we identify the plant-specific protein POLAR as a stomatal lineage scaffold for a subset of GSK3-like kinases that confines them to the cytosol and subsequently transiently polarizes them within the cell, together with BREAKING OF ASYMMETRY IN THE STOMATAL LINEAGE (BASL), before ACD. As a result, MAPK signalling is attenuated, enabling SPCH to drive ACD in the nucleus. Moreover, POLAR turnover requires phosphorylation on specific residues, mediated by GSK3. Our study reveals a mechanism by which the scaffolding protein POLAR ensures GSK3 substrate specificity, and could serve as a paradigm for understanding regulation of GSK3 in plants.

POLAR-guided signalling complex assembly and localization drive asymmetric cell division / A. Houbaert, C. Zhang, M. Tiwari, K. Wang, A. de Marcos Serrano, D. Savatin, M. Urs, M. Zhiponova, G. Gudesblat, I. Vanhoutte, D. Eeckhout, S. Boeren, M. Karimi, C. Betti, T. Jacobs, C. Fenoll, M. Mena, S. de Vries, G. De Jaeger, E. Russinova. - In: NATURE. - ISSN 0028-0836. - 563:7732(2018), pp. 574-578. [10.1038/s41586-018-0714-x]

POLAR-guided signalling complex assembly and localization drive asymmetric cell division

C. Betti;
2018

Abstract

GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE KINASE3 (GSK3)/SHAGGY-like kinase BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 2 (BIN2) phosphorylates both the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling module(5,6) and its downstream target, the transcription factor SPEECHLESS (SPCH) 7, to promote and restrict ACDs, respectively, in the same stomatal lineage cell. However, the mechanisms that balance these mutually exclusive activities remain unclear. Here we identify the plant-specific protein POLAR as a stomatal lineage scaffold for a subset of GSK3-like kinases that confines them to the cytosol and subsequently transiently polarizes them within the cell, together with BREAKING OF ASYMMETRY IN THE STOMATAL LINEAGE (BASL), before ACD. As a result, MAPK signalling is attenuated, enabling SPCH to drive ACD in the nucleus. Moreover, POLAR turnover requires phosphorylation on specific residues, mediated by GSK3. Our study reveals a mechanism by which the scaffolding protein POLAR ensures GSK3 substrate specificity, and could serve as a paradigm for understanding regulation of GSK3 in plants.
Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale
Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/877438
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 43
  • Scopus 81
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 83
social impact